Romania
NMO GENERAL INFORMATION
Romania FASMR
LANGUAGE
REQUIRED LANGUAGE
Romanian
English
(GMT+02:00) Athens, Bucharest, Istanbul
Romanian leu
SCOPE Active
SCORE Active
Romania (FASMR) - Brasov
Romania (FASMR) - Bucharest
Romania (FASMR) - Cluj-Napoca
Romania (FASMR) - Craiova
Romania (FASMR) - Iasi
Romania (FASMR) - Oradea
Romania (FASMR) - Sibiu
Romania (FASMR) - Targu-Mures
Romania (FASMR) - Timisoara

230 SCOPE STUDENTS
90 SCORE STUDENTS
SCOPE EXCHANGE CONDITIONS
SCORE EXCHANGE CONDITIONS
http://www.fasmr.org/
NEOs
Stefana Maria Ciortea
NOREs
Florentina-Cristina Scarlat
noreroumania noreroumania
WELCOME NOTE

Dear exchange student,

Welcome to Romania and congratulations for choosing our country for your exchange! We will do our best to provide you with the best social and scientific experience and we are very eager to meet you.

This page will give you some information about our exchange program and about our beautiful country, but please check the following links for more details:

Facebook profilehttps://web.facebook.com/SCOPESCORERomania/ 

Instagram profilehttps://www.instagram.com/scope.score.ro/ 

Promotional video: 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Abffbpl99_w

Incoming’s Handbookhttps://www.joomag.com/magazine/scope-score-romania-handbook/0435978001448123908

So, better start packing, because we are waiting for you with open-arms!

OVERVIEW

1.Location

Romania is a country situated at the crossroads of central Europe and south-eastern Europe. It shares a boarder with Hungary and Serbia to the West, Bulgaria to the South, the Black Sea, Ukraine and Rep. of Moldavia to the East and Ukraine to the North. Romania is crossed by the Danube River, being the country where the Danube flows into the Black Sea, forming a magnificent delta.  

Harta

2.History

Romanians are one of the 5 Latin nations of Europe. They were formed after the Romans conquered the Dacians - an ancient civilization which lived on the territory of nowadays Romania. There are three main historical regions in Romania who only reunited to form a single country in 1918. These regions are Transylvania - central and northwest of the country, Moldova - east of the country and Valahia - south of the country.

Romanian language is a Latin language, sharing similarities with Spanish, French, Portuguese and Italian. However, Romanian also has words derived from Dacian, Slavic, even Turkish and Hungarian.

3.Climate

Romania has a climate which is temperate and continental, with four distinct seasons. Winter is usually cold with temperatures below 0°C and snowfalls. Spring is warm with temperatures of around 15-20°C. Summer is usually very warm with temperatures around 25-30°C. Lastly, Autumn is usually rainy with temperatures around 10°C.

However, the weather conditions and average temperatures variate from region to region because of the very different landforms - mountains, depressions, hills, plains and seashore.

4.Currency

The official currency in Romania is the Romanian Leu (shortened form is RON). An important particularity of Romanian money is that all the banknotes are made of plastic. The exchange rate for the Romanian Leu varies around 4.5 lei for 1 Euro. In every city in Romania you can easily find exchange offices where you can exchange Euros or US Dollars.

HEALTH CARE SYSTEM

The health care system in Romania is mainly public. This means that every tax-payer in Romania has free access to health care in the public hospitals. The private health care system is starting to grow slowly but in matter of hospitals it has not yet reached a very important level.

oncoUsually medical students in Romania can easily get access to doing voluntary clerkships in Romanian hospitals. Another important thing is that in Romanian hospitals the access to patients is not very restricted for medical students and researchers.

The Ministry of Public Health is responsible for managing the National Healthcare System and also developing policies and guidelines.

For more information about our health system, please check: 
http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0017/317240/Hit-Romania.pdf?ua=1 

WHO: http://www.who.int/countries/rou/en/ 

coltea
MEDICAL EDUCATION

In Romania there are 9 important medical faculties in the following cities: Brasov, Bucuresti, Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Iasi, Oradea, Sibiu, Targu-Mures, Timisoara.

umf.buc

All of them have 6-years study programs. In the first 3 years students study mostly basic sciences. However, in the 3rd year students start to have more practical classes with doctors in hospitals and start having contact with patients. In the last 3 years, students go through each medical specialty and the clinical practice becomes more and more important.

fmf.oradea1

After graduating from med-school, all students must pass a national exam. According to the grade they obtain, they can choose the specialty for their residency years.

umfiasi
TRANSPORTATION

1.Airports

The most important airport in Romania is the "Henri Coanda" International Airport in Otopeni, near Bucharest. Besides it, there are international airports in other cities such as: Cluj-Napoca, Iasi, Timisoara, Targu-Mures, Brasov, Sibiu, Craiova.

Henri Coanda Airport

2.Trains

There are good connections on railway between all the main cities in Romania, and of course between Bucharest and every city as well. There are also international trains that reach Romania in different train stations like Oradea, Cluj-Napoca, Targu-Mures, Brasov, Bucharest and others. However, you must pay attention because trains are often late when reaching their destinations.

sageata

3.Buses/cars

There are a lot of private bus companies that connect the cities in Romania and also Romanian cities with other European cities. However, a car-ride may take longer than expected due to the lack of highways, and trains are usually more comfortable than buses.

SOCIAL PROGRAM

The social program should be provided to you in every LC in Romania. Every July, August and September there are 2 National Social Programs to the main touristic attractions in our country.

Besides those 2 trips, most LCs organize their own social program as well. This usually includes other trips, lots of parties and social activities.

For more information about the social program in each LC, please check the LC's pages and our Facebook Page.

MUST SEE

Romania has a lot of touristic attractions. Besides castles, palaces, fortresses and old monasteries, Romania has a lot of amazing landscapes, especially in the Carpathian mountains and in the Danube Delta.

The main touristic attractions are:

1.Bran Castle - built hundreds of years ago, this Transylvanian castle is known worldwide as the Castle of Dracula, from Bram Stoker's novel.

bran2.Peles Castle - the former residence of Romanian kings, the castle is situated in an amazing mountainous region, not far from the Bran Castle.
peles3.The Transfagarasan highway - built through the Fagaras mountains, at an altitude of more than 2000, this highway offers spectacular views, and it leads to the Balea waterfall, Balea lake, Vidraru lake and also Poenari fortress.

 

balea lac
transfagarasan4.The Palace of Parliament in Bucharest (also known as People's House) - built by the former communist leader of Romania, Nicolae Ceausescu, the palace is the largest administrative building in Europe and the second largest in the world after the Pentagon. 
Casa-Poporului-Bucuresti5.The painted monasteries of Bucovina - built hundreds of years ago, the monasteries are now part of the UNESCO World Heritage, and are unique in the world for having all their outside walls painted with biblical scenes.
voronet-iarna6.The Danube Delta - the newest land formed in Europe, it is the place where the Danube flows into the Black Sea. The area is part of the UNESCO Natural Heritage, and it contains species of birds, animals and vegetation which are unique in Europe. Besides that, it is one of the last places in Europe where you can encounter wild horses.
delta

                              

delta2
letea7.The Statue of King Decebal - located on the banks of the Danube, the statue of the last Dacian king, is the tallest sculpture in Europe.
decebal8.The Hunedoara Castle - one of the most beautiful gothic castles in Europe, and having a history of centuries.
hunedoara9. The medieval citadel of Sighisoara - the only medieval citadel in Europe which is still being inhabited
Sighisoara10. Sarmizegetusa Regia - the ancient capital city of the Dacian Kingdom and Sarmizegetusa Ulpia Traiana - the ancient capital city of the Roman province of Dacia 
Sarmizegetusa Regia
Sarmizegetusa Ulpia Traiana

 Besides these, there are a lot of other amazing places in Romania, both natural and historical, which you will discover during your exchange in our country.

CULTURAL DIFFERENCES

Romanian culture is a mix of cultural influences with a strong Romanian touch, of course.

Traditional clothing differs from one region to another, but all of them look similar. However, nowadays, traditional clothing is worn mostly in the countryside at some festivities or celebration.

costum

Romanian cuisine has a lot of tasty food, both salty and sweet. Sarmale are cabbage rolls, filled with mined meat, rice and spices. Mamaliga, or polenta, is very common in Romania. Sometimes it is eaten like a side dish (with sarmale, for example), or instead of bread, and sometimes it is eaten as a main course, with cheese and sour cream. Mititei, or mici are small meat rolls which are cooked on the grill at each barbeque. Papanasi are kind of doughnuts which contain cottage cheese, and are served with our cream and jam on top.

sarmalecuciuperci
mici
papanasi3
The main religion in Romania is Christian-Orthodox. There are differences between the orthodox church and the catholic one but not very big. However besides the orthodox churches, the are a lot of other churches in most cities, such as catholic, protestant, neo-protestant, and in some places, even synagogues and mosques.
OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Drinking in public (on the street, parks, etc.) is forbidden in Romania. Drugs are also forbidden. The legal age for drinking alcohol and smoking tobacco is 18. Smoking is only allowed in outdoor areas.