Dear exchange student,
Welcome to Romania and congratulations for choosing our country for your exchange! We will do our best to provide you with the best social and scientific experience and we are very eager to meet you.
This page will give you some information about our exchange program and about our beautiful country, but please check the following links for more details:
Facebook profile: https://web.facebook.com/SCOPESCORERomania/
Instagram profile: https://www.instagram.com/scope.score.ro/
Promotional video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?
Incoming’s Handbook: https://www.joomag.com/magazin
So, better start packing, because we are waiting for you with open-arms!
Romania is a country situated at the crossroads of central Europe and south-eastern Europe. It shares a boarder with Hungary and Serbia to the West, Bulgaria to the South, the Black Sea, Ukraine and Rep. of Moldavia to the East and Ukraine to the North. Romania is crossed by the Danube River, being the country where the Danube flows into the Black Sea, forming a magnificent delta.
Romanians are one of the 5 Latin nations of Europe. They were formed after the Romans conquered the Dacians - an ancient civilization which lived on the territory of nowadays Romania. There are three main historical regions in Romania who only reunited to form a single country in 1918. These regions are Transylvania - central and northwest of the country, Moldova - east of the country and Valahia - south of the country.
Romanian language is a Latin language, sharing similarities with Spanish, French, Portuguese and Italian. However, Romanian also has words derived from Dacian, Slavic, even Turkish and Hungarian.
Romania has a climate which is temperate and continental, with four distinct seasons. Winter is usually cold with temperatures below 0°C and snowfalls. Spring is warm with temperatures of around 15-20°C. Summer is usually very warm with temperatures around 25-30°C. Lastly, Autumn is usually rainy with temperatures around 10°C.
However, the weather conditions and average temperatures variate from region to region because of the very different landforms - mountains, depressions, hills, plains and seashore.
The official currency in Romania is the Romanian Leu (shortened form is RON). An important particularity of Romanian money is that all the banknotes are made of plastic. The exchange rate for the Romanian Leu varies around 4.5 lei for 1 Euro. In every city in Romania you can easily find exchange offices where you can exchange Euros or US Dollars.
The health care system in Romania is mainly public. This means that every tax-payer in Romania has free access to health care in the public hospitals. The private health care system is starting to grow slowly but in matter of hospitals it has not yet reached a very important level.
The Ministry of Public Health is responsible for managing the National Healthcare System and also developing policies and guidelines.
For more information about our health system, please check:
In Romania there are 9 important medical faculties in the following cities: Brasov, Bucuresti, Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Iasi, Oradea, Sibiu, Targu-Mures, Timisoara.
All of them have 6-years study programs. In the first 3 years students study mostly basic sciences. However, in the 3rd year students start to have more practical classes with doctors in hospitals and start having contact with patients. In the last 3 years, students go through each medical specialty and the clinical practice becomes more and more important.
After graduating from med-school, all students must pass a national exam. According to the grade they obtain, they can choose the specialty for their residency years.
The most important airport in Romania is the "Henri Coanda" International Airport in Otopeni, near Bucharest. Besides it, there are international airports in other cities such as: Cluj-Napoca, Iasi, Timisoara, Targu-Mures, Brasov, Sibiu, Craiova.
There are good connections on railway between all the main cities in Romania, and of course between Bucharest and every city as well. There are also international trains that reach Romania in different train stations like Oradea, Cluj-Napoca, Targu-Mures, Brasov, Bucharest and others. However, you must pay attention because trains are often late when reaching their destinations.
There are a lot of private bus companies that connect the cities in Romania and also Romanian cities with other European cities. However, a car-ride may take longer than expected due to the lack of highways, and trains are usually more comfortable than buses.
Romania has a lot of touristic attractions. Besides castles, palaces, fortresses and old monasteries, Romania has a lot of amazing landscapes, especially in the Carpathian mountains and in the Danube Delta.
The main touristic attractions are:
1.Bran Castle - built hundreds of years ago, this Transylvanian castle is known worldwide as the Castle of Dracula, from Bram Stoker's novel.
Besides these, there are a lot of other amazing places in Romania, both natural and historical, which you will discover during your exchange in our country.
Romanian culture is a mix of cultural influences with a strong Romanian touch, of course.
Traditional clothing differs from one region to another, but all of them look similar. However, nowadays, traditional clothing is worn mostly in the countryside at some festivities or celebration.
Romanian cuisine has a lot of tasty food, both salty and sweet. Sarmale are cabbage rolls, filled with mined meat, rice and spices. Mamaliga, or polenta, is very common in Romania. Sometimes it is eaten like a side dish (with sarmale, for example), or instead of bread, and sometimes it is eaten as a main course, with cheese and sour cream. Mititei, or mici are small meat rolls which are cooked on the grill at each barbeque. Papanasi are kind of doughnuts which contain cottage cheese, and are served with our cream and jam on top.