Peru, a magical and millenary country, has diversity and richness which are rare in the world, offering visitors infinite alternatives and the possibility of having a unique experience: history, culture, nature, adventure and much more in just one destination.
The word “Peru” evokes almost immediately the image of Machu Picchu and the Empire founded by the Incas, which show us the impressive archaeological heritage left by the most ancient civilizations which is a testimony of their art, costumes, rituals and development.
Likewise, the fact Peru has 84 out of the 104 existing ecosystems on the planet makes it a favorite destination for people who love nature.
In addition, its varied and delicious cuisine is a fusion of its native traditions with the culinary arts of Europe, Arabia, China, Africa and Japan. As a result we have unique flavors which make Peruvian cuisine one of the best and most varied in the world.
For this and many other reasons, Peru is an extraordinary destination to visit and it has recently become one of the top destinations chosen by thousands of tourists around the world.
Lying along the Pacific Coast, Peru shares borders with Chile, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador. It has three major regions: a narrow coastal belt, the wide Andean mountains and the Amazon Basin. The coastal strip is predominantly desert, but contains Peru's major cities and its best highway, the Carratera Panamericana. The Andes comprise two principal ranges - Cordillera Occidental and Oriental - and includes Huascarán (6768m/22,199ft), Peru's highest mountain. To the east is the Amazon Basin, a region of tropical lowlands, which is drained by the Maranon and Ucayali rivers.
Cusco: The once great Inca Capital of Cusco still teems with Andean pride and has become a travelers' mecca of sorts. Narrow streets lined by Inca walls stretch out from the main plaza and indigenous farmers and craftsmen rush by carrying their wares to market. Traditional and international foods are found everywhere and shopkeepers always offer a welcoming smile.
Spanish is the main language throughout Peru, although most highland Indians are bilingual, with Quechua being their preferred language and Spanish their second tongue. When bargaining in rural markets, a Quechua word or two will not only endear you to the vendors, but usually get you an extra orange or more juice! Several small lowland groups speak their own languages. English is understood in the best hotels and in airline offices and travel agencies, but it's of little use elsewhere.
Peruvian food consists mainly of soups and stews, corn pancakes, rice, eggs and vegetables. Seafood is excellent, even in the highlands. Local specialties include ceviche, seafood prepared in lemon juice; lechón, suckling pig; and cuy, whole roasted guinea pig-however, some delicacies may only be for the most adventurous stomachs!
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