Peru
NMO GENERAL INFORMATION
Peru IFMSA Peru
LANGUAGE
REQUIRED LANGUAGE
Spanish, Quechua
Spanish, English
(GMT-05:00) Bogota, Lima, Quito, Rio Branco
Peruvian nuevo sol
SCOPE Active
SCORE Active
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - AREQUIPA (CIEM)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Arequipa (SOCIEMA-UNSA)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - LIMA (SCIEM-UCSUR)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Lima (SCSF)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Lima (IFMSA UPCH)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - LIMA (SOCIEM-USMP)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Piura (SOCIEM UNP)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Trujillo (IFMSA UNT)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Trujillo (IFMSA UPAO)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Lima (SOCEMURP)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Lima (SOCEMVI)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Ica (SOCEMI)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Chimbote (IFMSA-USP)
Peru (IFMSA-Peru) - Lima (SOCIEM UPSJB)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Lima (SCHEM)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Puno (SOCIEM UNA)
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Cusco: ASOCIEMH Cusco
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Huanuco: SOCIEM Hco
Peru (IFMSA Peru) - Piura: SOCIEM UPAO Piura

360 SCOPE STUDENTS
50 SCORE STUDENTS
SCOPE EXCHANGE CONDITIONS
SCORE EXCHANGE CONDITIONS
https://www.facebook.com/scopeifmsaperu/, https://www.facebook.com/scoreifmsaperu/
NEOs
Joseph Guevara
Humberto Huapaya Reyes
NOREs
Maria de Jesus Diaz Gonzales
WELCOME NOTE

Peru, a magical and millenary country, has diversity and richness which are rare in the world, offering visitors infinite alternatives and the possibility of having a unique experience: history, culture, nature, adventure and much more in just one destination.

The word “Peru” evokes almost immediately the image of Machu Picchu and the Empire founded by the Incas, which show us the impressive archaeological heritage left by the most ancient civilizations which is a testimony of their art, costumes, rituals and development.

Likewise, the fact Peru has 84 out of the 104 existing ecosystems on the planet makes it a favorite destination for people who love nature.

In addition, its varied and delicious cuisine is a fusion of its native traditions with the culinary arts of Europe, Arabia, China, Africa and Japan. As a result we have unique flavors which make Peruvian cuisine one of the best and most varied in the world.

For this and many other reasons, Peru is an extraordinary destination to visit and it has recently become one of the top destinations chosen by thousands of tourists around the world.

OVERVIEW
It's the multiple layers of great civilizations that make Peru so fascinating. Cobblestone streets preserve the era of the Conquistadors, the ruins of the lost city of Machu Pichu remind travelers of the once mighty Inca Empire, and the mysterious Nazca lines elude all explanation. On top of this the Peruvian Andes are arguably the most spectacular mountains on the continent and home to millions of highland Indians who still speak the ancient language of Quechua and maintain a traditional way of life. Then to the East and thousands of feet below, the lush Amazon Basin covers half of Peru and is one of the world's top 10 biodiversity hotspots - these are areas of super high species diversity that are under threat of being extinguished.


Lying along the Pacific Coast, Peru shares borders with Chile, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador. It has three major regions: a narrow coastal belt, the wide Andean mountains and the Amazon Basin. The coastal strip is predominantly desert, but contains Peru's major cities and its best highway, the Carratera Panamericana. The Andes comprise two principal ranges - Cordillera Occidental and Oriental - and includes Huascarán (6768m/22,199ft), Peru's highest mountain. To the east is the Amazon Basin, a region of tropical lowlands, which is drained by the Maranon and Ucayali rivers.

Cusco: The once great Inca Capital of Cusco still teems with Andean pride and has become a travelers' mecca of sorts. Narrow streets lined by Inca walls stretch out from the main plaza and indigenous farmers and craftsmen rush by carrying their wares to market. Traditional and international foods are found everywhere and shopkeepers always offer a welcoming smile.
 
The predominant religion is Roman Catholic, but there is a scattering of other Christian faiths. Indigenous Peruvians, however, have blended Catholicism and their traditional beliefs. An example is the near synonymous association of Pacha Mama (Mother Earth) and the Virgin Mary. Click HERE

Spanish is the main language throughout Peru, although most highland Indians are bilingual, with Quechua being their preferred language and Spanish their second tongue. When bargaining in rural markets, a Quechua word or two will not only endear you to the vendors, but usually get you an extra orange or more juice! Several small lowland groups speak their own languages. English is understood in the best hotels and in airline offices and travel agencies, but it's of little use elsewhere. 

Peruvian food consists mainly of soups and stews, corn pancakes, rice, eggs and vegetables. Seafood is excellent, even in the highlands. Local specialties include ceviche, seafood prepared in lemon juice; lechón, suckling pig; and cuy, whole roasted guinea pig-however, some delicacies may only be for the most adventurous stomachs!
For more information click HERE

HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
Peru has a decentralized health care system administered by 5 entities: the Ministry of Health (MINSA), which provides health services for 60% of the population; EsSalud, which provides for 30% of the population; and the Armed Forces (FFAA), National Police (PNP), and the private sector together provide services to the remaining 10% (Recursos humanos en salud al 2011). The resulting system contains multiple providers of services and insurance, often performing functions with a high degree of overlap and little coordination. Health workers often work several jobs in multiple subsectors.
There has been an increasing trend in the overall number of health workers despite an increase in health worker outmigration, but no significant difference in HRH densities with the exception of nursing, which has increased (9.7/10,000; Recursos humanos en salud al 2011). There also has been an increased demand for providers, especially medical specialists, over the past decade due to the implementation of universal health insurance and associated policies. Current national HRH density is 17.8/10,000 population.
Overall, inequitable geographic distribution of health workers continues, with Lima and coastal areas having the highest densities, and the areas of Piura (9.6), Lambayeque (10.7) and Loreto (10.8) having the lowest (Recursos humanos en salud al 2011). Demographic differences in densities as well as urban/rural differences have begun to disappear due to implementation of the SERUMS plan, a decentralized HRH retention plan to distribute and retain health workers in remote areas. The plan was developed with an accompanying technical guide containing a baseline, and review of good practices and procedures to implement a long-term retention policy based on intersectoral agreements. Other achievements include: development of a national HRH observatory, and development and implementation of a national HRH strategic plan that is fully costed and integrated with a broader health plan.
MEDICAL EDUCATION
With 18 Peruvian universities among the 300 listed in the QS University Rankings: Latin America 2018, Peru offers a good selection for prospective international students. Peru's highest ranking institution is Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, a private university based in Peruvian capital Lima, which climbed from 31st in Latin America in 2012, to 25th this year (2018). After this is the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (UNMSM) and Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH). Founded in the mid-16th century, UNMSM lays claim to being one of the oldest universities in the Americas – and indeed the world. Like the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, it has its main campus in Lima.
TRANSPORTATION
Public transport in Peru is handled by buses, micros, taxicabs, and the so-called mototaxis. Micros are the most common means of public transportation in Lima and many other cities in Peru. There are also more than 100 km of cycle paths in the city.

The word micro is used in common-day Peruvian Spanish as an abbreviation for microbus (minibus). While the bigger vehicles are known as micros, the smaller ones are known as either combis. These privately owned vehicles are not only known for being very cheap and convenient but also for being rather risky.
Micros race from one street corner to another along all the major arterial city roads. Stickers saying, for example, "Angamos" or "Benavides" can be seen on their windscreens, which indicates that the micro runs the whole length of Avenida Angamos or Avenida Benavides. These microbuses dash dangerously fast, frequently crashing and speeding off before their passengers have got both feet into the vehicle. There being few bus stops, micros and combis pick and drop passengers anywhere along their route (although it is not allowed). Tickets became compulsory in the late-80s. No transfer tickets are issued, so double fares are often used by people when a micro passing through downtown does not go to the destination needed, although with the lack of control of routes nowadays there are many routes that go just about everywhere within the city limits. The only places where micros are no longer allowed to circulate is in the crosstown streets within downtown Lima: if you need to go from the West Side to the East Side you must walk or take a taxi (see below), and micros go north-south only through either the West or East sides' main arteries.
 
In Lima, there are Metropolitano (is like a metro) which runs from north to south of Lima quickly and "Linea 1" is a train which goes from south to est of Lima quickly too.
SOCIAL PROGRAM

All the months, there is a social program designated to the cultural development of the incomings in every city. They should be contacted at least one month before the exchange, in order to plan the activities of the month in advance.

We are improving our social program system, so is probably you will be requested to fill in a form if you want to go to Cuzco. 

MUST SEE
If you come to Peru, you shouldn't miss visiting Cusco and its enchanting landscapes as Machu Picchu, Sacsayhuaman, Raqchi; or fly to our jungle paradise with the Amazonas, the Amazon River,  Gocta cataracts, or the Ravash necropolis. And if you like the hot weather, passes north and visit our beaches: Máncora, Punta Sal and nearby cities starting by Lambayeque and Chaparrí Reserve, the Sipan Lord, Piura and Tumbes. Don't  forget to enjoy the best cuisine in America, eating ceviche, arroz con pollo, aji de gallina, carapulcra or  the Inca dish: The Pachamanca. Peru has much to discover, you'll love it.
CULTURAL DIFFERENCES
Cultural differences: Just as in many other Latin American countries, the concept of “Latin time” prevails. You will find your Peruvian contacts to be more flexible about time than people in many other parts of the world Body language and gestures are apt to be demonstrative and expressive, as is typical with many Latin American cultures. Once a friendship has been established, men frequently greet each other with a hug, and women may kiss one another on the cheek. When you are greeted with more than a handshake, this is a sign that you have been accepted by these people. Peruvians communicate in close proximity. When they stand nearby, do not back away, as you will offend them. Men also often walk arm in arm with other men, as do women with other women. At each level of society, family is the cornerstone. Relationships define the key areas of trust and cooperation. At the highest levels of society, marriage and relationships solidify political and economic alliances. Peruvians belong to a hierarchical culture where authority is expected to be respected, consequently titles are important and surnames may be used. In formal business settings, it’s best to wait until someone invites you to use first names.
OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION