Nepal NMSS
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Nepal (NMSS) - Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj campus

Tejash Shahi

Namaste, to all the members of IFMSA.

Nepal is a country blessed by nature. Every visitor to Nepal will be greeted by the breathtaking himalayas, the serene hills, and if you are lucky, a blissful weather, for all of those who want to let go of the fast pace of the modern world and relax for a while, a trip to Nepal is a must. Last but not the least, Nepal is well known for its culture, its traditions and its hospitality. To all the visitors, Nepal and on its behalf NMSS offers a warm welcome to you all. Welcome to the land of Shangrila, the Abode of Gods !!!


Draped along the greatest heights of the Himalaya, Nepal is where the icecold of the mountains meets the steamy heat of the Indian plains. It's a land of yaks and yetis, stupas and Sherpas and some of the best trekking on earth. The Himalaya's most sophisticated urban cultures took shape here, in the three great minikingdoms of the Kathmandu Valley - Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur - home to a world-class artistic and architectural heritage. Often termed as the 'epitome of nature' and the "divine artist's key-sketch", Nepal is a country lavishly and sumptuously blessed by the Mother Nature. She boasts white majestic mountains, including the world's highest mountain - Mount Everest, variegated hills clad in colorful attires of pines and rhododendrons, crystal clear lakes, whistling rivers, deep gorges, verdant plains and hinterlands. Moreover, she is a sanctuary of umpteen species of flora and fauna, a melting pot of diverse ethnic groups and their unique cultures, and, above all, a country of gods and temples. Owing to its natural beauty and cultural diversity, Nepal has been regarded as one of the very best holiday destination around the globe. As Nepal is sandwiched between two economic and geographical Leviathans, it is rightfully regarded as “ A Yam between Two Boulders” as while Nepal abuts on Indian border in the east, the west and the South, Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China shares the vast Himalayan frontier with Nepal. The length of the county is 885 kilometers from east to west, and its breath varies from 145 kilometers to 241 kilometers from north to south. The total area is 147,181 sq. kilometers. Nepal is divided into 14 Zones and 75 Districts. Nepal isn’t only the home of mysterious Yeti and elusive Snow Leopard, but also a constant cause of wonder for meteorologists for her simply amazing variations in climatic conditions. Divided into three different geographical regions, Nepal houses the snow-capped Himalayas in the north, a vast stretch of plains in the south and two chains of hills, known as Mahabharata and Chure range, acting as a geological bridge between the northern and southern region.

Nepal has adopted the World Health Organization concept of primary health care (PHC) in the attempt to close the gap between urban and rural health care, and improve conditions for the vast majority of the population living in isolated rural areas. Nepal has more than 80% people living in rural areas thereby highlighting the importance of decentralising health care facilities in the form of Primary health care centres (PHCs), Health posts (HPs) and Sub-health posts (SHPs). The organisational structure (hierarchy) of health care system in Nepal is as follows: 1. Ministry of Health (MoH) 2. Department of Health Services (DoHS) 3. Regional Hospital (Tertiary Care) 4. Zonal Hospital 5. District Hospital 6. Primary Health Centre (PHC) 7. Health Posts (HPs) 8. Sub-health Posts (SHPs) 9. Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHVs); Maternal and Child Health Workers (MCHWs); Village Health Workers (VHWs); Skilled Birth Attendants (SBAs); Trained Birth Attendants (TBAs) etc.

In this hierarchy, the last ones are the most important ones in terms of providing widespread health services and are the target group of government in order to have as much health coverage as possible especially in rural areas.


Medical colleges in Nepal are spread over various parts of the country. Most of these medical colleges in Nepal are in the private sector, although there are some government medical colleges too. Admission of local students to these medical colleges in Nepal is done generally through an entrance test. However foreign students are admitted on the basis of their performance in a personal interview. In order to be eligible for admission to the MBBS courses of Nepal’s medical colleges, one needs to pass the higher secondary examination in science or its equivalent. Medical education in Nepal is regulated by the Medical Council of Nepal. Apart from giving recognition to the medical colleges in Nepal, it also conducts the licensing examination for providing registration to the new doctors. It is also responsible for making policies related to curriculum, admission, term and examination system of teaching institute of medical education and to make recommendation for cancellation of registration and approved by renewing and evaluating such system/procedure.

On the basis of patient flow in the hospital, infrastructure, clinical exposures to the students, popularity among students, international reputation and various other criteria, following is the ranking of medical colleges of Nepal: Institute of Medicine (IOM), Kathmandu Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences (KUSMS), Dhulikhel Kathmandu Medical College (KMC), Kathmandu Manipal College of Medical Science and Technology, Pokhara Patan Academy of Health Science (PAHS), Lalitpur Nepal Medical College (NMC), Kathmandu College of Medical Sciences (CoMS), Chitwan Universal College of Medical Sciences (UCMS), Bhairawa KIST Medical College, Kathmandu


Nepal remains isolated from the world's major land, air and sea transport routes although, within the country, aviation is in a better state, with 48 airports, ten of them with paved runways; flights are frequent and support a sizable traffic. The hilly and mountainous terrain in the northern two-thirds of the country has made the building of roads and other infrastructure difficult and expensive. Despite the fact, most of the transportation is through roadways and the means are buses, taxis, tempos, rickshaws, automobiles, motorbikes, bicycles, etc. Other means of transportation; though in limited areas; are cable cars (Kurintar - Manakamana Temple)and railways (Janakpur - Jaynagar). Condition of Highways vary from well maintained two lane Highways to potholed and hilly roads. The drive in a later type of roads may give you roller coaster ride. Visitors are permitted to drive their own cars but the vehicles must possess an international carnet. There are regular bus services to Kathmandu and major cities from all the border points. The interior parts of the country are also linked with a number of highways and roads. Any way the network of roads and highways have linked several tourist destinations, cities, Industrial and commercial centers in Nepal. The main highways are from East to West and Link roads from North to south.

Tribhuvan International Airport is the sole international airport in Nepal and has one domestic terminal and one international terminal. At present, about 30 international airlines connect Nepal to destinations in Asia, Europe and the Middle East. The airport is in the Kathmandu valley.

Nepal Airlines is the National flag carrier that fly - between Hong Kong and Kathmandu. between Bangkok and Kathmandu. between Singapore and Kathmandu via Bangkok. between Osaka and Kathmandu via Shanghai. between Delhi and Kathmandu. between Bombay and Kathmandu.


It will be arranged by NMSS according to the season and other conditions( For example, sight seeing around Kathmandu, hikes and short treks, tour to Pokhara, Lumbini (birthplace of Gautam Buddha), Chitwan, Nagarkot etc. Other programs like mountain flight, paragliding, bunjee jumping, rafting, canyoning, wall and rock climbing, and other adventurous activities can also be done according to the interest of exchange participants. Nepal is rich in festivals, if there are festivals in the period, we will include that in the social program.


Rara National Park is Nepal's smallest and most scenic national park. Rara National Park covers 106 square km. Much of the park is at an altitude of about 3000 meters forested by conifers. The park was established in 1976 and protects some of the most beautiful alpine and sub-alpine ecosystems of the Himalaya. It is considered one of the finest parks in the world. The centrepiece is the pristine Lake Rara at 2990m,


Chitwan(the heart of the jungle) National Park is situated 90 kilometres Southwest of Kathmandu, covering an area of 932, it is the first national park of the country. Established in 1973 to preserve a unique ecosystem and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1984. Such a diverse combination of nature provides a perfect habitat for wildlife. CHITWAN NATIONAL PARK


Kathmandu Valley Only at a few places on earth, a visitor can experience a combination of natural and cultural beauty like in the Kathmandu Valley. The valley consists of many temples and monasteries, which house as many idols of Hindu and Buddhism gods, goddesses and buddhas, as there are people. The Kathmandu Valley will be the first destination in Nepal to visit, when you arrive in Nepal.

Nepal's culture has great diversity. It is greatly influenced by music, architecture, religion and literature in the country. Your first sight of Nepal may leave you speechless, the great quantities of temples, churches, monasteries and other religious buildings, the hurly-burly in the streets and the number of people and animals socializing on every corner of the narrow cobble-stone lanes. Culture and customs in Nepal run deep. Some of them you will find interesting, some strange and others beyond logic. But as long as you show respect and sensitivity to local traditions, willingness to learn and adapt to Nepalese ways and values, you will be fine. For a people so deeply rooted in traditions and culture, Nepalese are remarkably open-minded and easy-going. If at any time, you have doubts, ask or simply do what other Nepalese do. Unluckily Nepal experienced the great tragedy of the Major earthquake and lots of cultural heritages are destroyed . They are in the process of reconstruction . There are still many historic buildings , temples , monuments remaining . You will get chance to observe them .


The most astonishing thing about the geography of Nepal is that the distance between the tropical lowlands and the snow-capped mountainous region is very less. While the distance between the tropical and alpine regions in most of the countries around the globe is more than 1000 km, it is just less than 100 km in some places in Nepal.. The temperature varies between zero in the mountains to over 30 degrees Celsius in the valleys, and to mercury plummeting up to 38 degrees during summers in the lowlands.

Accomodation  and boarding

We will arrange your accommodation in a Nepalese family where you can enjoy their hospitality & of course the Nepalese delicacies !! The host family is the educated one . They will guide you everyday in every possible manner. They will also help you with  Nepalese language  and hopefully  you will learn some of the Nepali terms .