Nepal
NMO GENERAL INFORMATION
Nepal NMSS
LANGUAGE
REQUIRED LANGUAGE
English, Nepali
English
(GMT+05:45) Kathmandu
Nepalese rupee
SCOPE Active
Nepal (NMSS) - Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj campus

15 SCOPE STUDENTS
0 SCORE STUDENTS
SCOPE EXCHANGE CONDITIONS
SCORE EXCHANGE CONDITIONS
http://nmss.org.np
NEOs
Laxmi Shah
laxmi shah
NOREs
Laxmi Shah
WELCOME NOTE


Namaste!
Nepal is home to thirty million people, branched into one hundred and twenty-five ethnic groups, all residing in harmony in a small but peaceful nation. We are a country truly blessed by nature. With three distinct geographical regions- the majestic Himalayas in the north, the serene hills in the middle and the lush green plains in the Terai, a trip to Nepal will give you a quick escape from the hubbub of the modern world into a relaxing abode of nature. Nepal is well known for its rich culture and tradition and its hospitable and amicable people. NMSS offers you a warm welcome to the land of Everest, the birth place of Buddha, and so much more.

OVERVIEW

Draped along the greatest heights of the Himalayas, Nepal is where the ice-cold of the mountains meets the steamy heat of the plains. It's a land of yaks and yetis, stupas and Sherpas and some of the best trekking on earth. The Himalayas’ most sophisticated urban cultures took shape here, in the three great mini kingdoms of the Kathmandu Valley- Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur- home to world-class artistic and architectural heritage. Often termed as the ‘epitome of nature’ and the ‘divine artist's key-sketch’, Nepal is a country lavishly and sumptuously blessed by Mother Nature. She boasts white majestic mountains, including the world's highest mountain- Mount Everest, variegated hills clad in colorful attires of pines and rhododendrons, crystal clear lakes, whistling rivers, deep gorges, verdant plains and hinterlands. Moreover, she is a sanctuary of umpteen species of flora and fauna, a melting pot of diverse ethnic groups and their unique cultures, and, above all, a country of gods and temples. Owing to its natural beauty and cultural diversity, Nepal has been regarded as one of the very best holiday destinations around the globe. As Nepal is sandwiched between two economic and geographical Leviathans, it is rightfully regarded as “A Yam between Two Boulders” as while Nepal abuts on Indian border in the east, the west and the south, Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China shares the vast Himalayan frontier with Nepal. The length of the county is eight hundred eighty-five kilometers from east to west, and its breadth varies from hundred forty-five kilometers to two hundred forty-one kilometers from north to south. The total area is one hundred forty-seven thousand five hundred sixteen squared kilometers. Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is divided into seven provinces, fourteen zones and seventy-seven districts. Nepal isn’t only home to the mysterious yeti and elusive snow leopard, but also a constant cause of wonder for meteorologists for her simply amazing variations in climatic conditions. Nepal houses the snow-capped Himalayas in the north, a vast stretch of plains in the south and two chains of hills, known as Mahabharata and Chure range, acting as a geological bridge between the northern and southern region.


HEALTH CARE SYSTEM


Nepal has adopted the World Health Organization concept of Primary Health Care (PHC) in the attempt to close the gap between urban and rural health care, and improve conditions for the vast majority of the population living in isolated rural areas. Most private hospitals with good health facilities are found in the city areas but Nepal has more than eighty percent people living in rural areas thereby highlighting the importance of decentralizing health care facilities in the form of Primary Health Care Centers (PHCs), Health Posts (HPs) and Sub-Health Posts (SHPs). The organizational structure of health care system in descending order of hierarchy in Nepal is as follows:  Ministry of Health (MoH), Department of Health Services (DoHS), Regional Hospitals (Tertiary Care), Zonal Hospitals, District Hospitals, Primary Health Centers, Health Posts, Sub-Health Posts, Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHVs), Maternal and Child Health Workers (MCHWs), Village Health Workers (VHWs), Skilled Birth Attendants (SBAs), Trained Birth Attendants (TBAs), etc. The latter groups are the most important in terms of providing widespread health services and are the target group of government in order to have as much health coverage as possible.

MEDICAL EDUCATION


Medical colleges in Nepal are spread over various parts of the country. Most of these medical colleges in Nepal are in the private sector, although there are some government medical colleges, too. Admission of local students to these medical colleges in Nepal is done generally through an entrance test. However, foreign students are admitted on the basis of their performance in a personal interview. In order to be eligible for admission to the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) courses of Nepal’s medical colleges, one needs to pass the higher secondary examination in science or its equivalent. MBBS is a five-and-a-half-year course with two years of Basic Science, two years of Clinicals and one and a half years of compulsory rotational internship. Medical education in Nepal is regulated by the Medical Council of Nepal. Apart from giving recognition to the medical colleges in Nepal, it also conducts the licensing examination for providing registration to the new doctors. It is also responsible for making policies related to curriculum, admission, term, and examination system of teaching institutes of medical colleges.

Colleges are evaluated on the basis of patient flow in the hospital, infrastructure, clinical exposure, popularity, international reputation and various other criteria. Most of the colleges are affiliated two the two main universities: Tribhuvan University (TU) and Kathmandu University (KU), while others are autonomous. Medical Colleges affiliated to Tribhuvan University are Institute of Medicine (IOM), Universal College of Medical Sciences (UCMS), National Medical College (NMC), Janaki Medical College (JMC), KIST Medical College (KMCTH), Chitwan Medical College (CMC), Gandaki Medical College (GMC) and Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences (NAIHS). Medical colleges affiliated to Kathmandu University are College of Medical Sciences (COMS), Nepalgunj Medical College (NGMC), Kathmandu Medical College (KMC), Nepal Medical College (NMC), Lumbini Medical College (LMC), Nobel Medical College and Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS). B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS) and Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS) are the two autonomous institutes.

TRANSPORTATION


Nepal is a landlocked country and it remains isolated from the world's major land, air and sea transport routes. However, within the country, aviation is in a better state with forty-eight airports- ten of them with paved runways having frequent flights and sizable traffic support. The hilly and mountainous terrain in the northern two-thirds of the country has made the building of roads and other infrastructure difficult and expensive. Despite the fact, most of the transportation is through roadways and the means are buses, taxis, tempos, rickshaws, automobiles, motorbikes, bicycles, etc. Other means of transportation, in limited areas, are cable cars (Kurintar-Manakamana Temple) and railways (Raxaul-Sirsiya and Jainagar-Janakpur). Condition of routes vary from well-maintained two lane highways to potholed and hilly roads. A drive in the latter type of roads may give you a roller coaster ride. Visitors are permitted to drive their own cars but the vehicles must possess an international carnet. There are regular bus services to Kathmandu and major cities from all the border points. The interior parts of the country are also linked with a number of highways and roads. The network of roads and highways have linked several tourist destinations, cities, industrial and commercial centers in Nepal. The main highways link the east to the west and the north to the south.

Tribhuvan International Airport is the sole international airport in Nepal and has one domestic terminal and one international terminal. The airport is in the Kathmandu valley. At present, about thirty international airlines connect Nepal to destinations in Asia, Europe and the Middle East. Nepal Airlines is the national flag carrier.

SOCIAL PROGRAM


Our social programs are arranged depending on the season and the time of the year. Historic places like Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Kathmandu Durbar Square and different temples, monasteries and stupas are only a bus ride away from the city where our hospital is located, so sightseeing can be done when suitable. Since Kathmandu is a valley surrounded by hills, short hikes are also possible without having to go very far. For adventure junkies looking for trekking, paragliding, bungee, rafting, canyoning, rock climbing, and mountain flights and nature lovers wanting to explore caves, and waterfalls, Pokhara is a major destination which is accessible by flight or a couple hours of bus travel. Other places of interest are the National Parks in Chitwan and the birth place of Gautam Buddha, Lumbini. Travelling to high altitude lakes and homestay in villages are also popular among tourists. If it happens to be a festive season, which is almost throughout the year, our students can always participate and share the fun.

MUST SEE


Rara National Park
Rara National Park is Nepal's smallest and most scenic national park. Rara National Park covers one hundred and six square kilometers. Much of the park is at an altitude of about three thousand meters, forested by conifers. The park was established in nineteen seventy-six and protects some of the most beautiful alpine and sub-alpine ecosystems of the Himalayas. It is considered one of the finest parks in the world. The centerpiece is the pristine Lake Rara at two thousand nine hundred and ninety meters.

Chitwan National Park
Chitwan is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal where the national park, famously known as the heart of the jungle, is located. The national park is situated ninety kilometers southwest of Kathmandu, covering an area of nine hundred and thirty-two squared kilometers. It is the first national park of the country. Established in nineteen seventy-three to preserve the unique ecosystem, it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in nineteen eighty-four. The diverse combination of nature provides a perfect habitat for wildlife which is a treat to explorers.

The Himalayas
The Himalayas is a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. The range has many of Earth's highest peaks. Eight of the fourteen above-eight-thousand-peaks are located in Nepal, including the highest, Mount Everest. Climbing mountain ranges is not always a viable option but mountain flights can be an alternative.

Kathmandu
Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. Only in a few places on earth, a visitor can experience a combination of natural and cultural beauty like in the Kathmandu Valley. The valley consists of many temples and monasteries, which house idols of Hindu and Buddhist gods and goddesses. The Kathmandu Valley will be the first destination in Nepal to visit, when you arrive in Nepal.

CULTURAL DIFFERENCES


Nepal has great cultural diversity. It is greatly influenced by music, architecture, religion and literature in the country. Your first sight of Nepal may leave you speechless- the great quantities of temples, churches, monasteries and other religious buildings, the hurly-burly in the streets and the number of people and animals socializing on every corner of the narrow cobble-stone lanes. Culture and customs in Nepal run deep. Some of them you will find interesting, some strange and others beyond logic. But as long as you show respect and sensitivity to local traditions, willingness to learn and adapt to Nepalese ways and values, you will be fine. For people so deeply rooted in traditions and culture, Nepalese are remarkably open-minded and easy-going. If at any time, you have doubts, ask or simply do what other Nepalese do. Unluckily, Nepal experienced the great tragedy of the major earthquake and lots of cultural heritages are destroyed. They are in the process of reconstruction. There are still many historic buildings, temples, monuments that you can observe.

OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION


Food
The standard four meals a day is applicable- breakfast, lunch, snacks and dinner. ‘Daal Bhat Tarkari’ is the daily meal eaten by all Nepalese for lunch and dinner. The cuisine has a rich blend of different herbs and spices. Fast food chains are swiftly growing all around city areas. Street food is also available in different places.  

Weather
The most astonishing thing about the geography of Nepal is that the distance between the tropical lowlands and the snow-capped mountainous region is very less. While the distance between the tropical and alpine regions in most of the countries around the globe is more than thousand kilometers, it is just less than hundred kilometers in some places in Nepal. The temperature varies between zero in the mountains to over thirty degrees Celsius in the valleys, with the mercury plummeting up to forty degrees during summers in the lowlands. Nepal experiences five seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring. Summers are cool and winters are severe but most regions have a temperate climate throughout the year.

Accommodation and Boarding
We wish to provide a homely environment to our students. The accommodation will be arranged in a Nepalese family where you can enjoy their hospitality and all the Nepalese delicacies. The host family is proficient in English so there will be no difficulty in communication. They will guide you every day in every possible manner. They will also help you with learning Nepalese dialects if you are interested.