Montenegro
NMO GENERAL INFORMATION
Montenegro MoMSIC Montenegro
LANGUAGE
REQUIRED LANGUAGE
Montenegrin, English
English
(GMT+01:00) Amsterdam, Berlin, Bern, Rome, Stockholm, Vienna
Euro
SCOPE Active
Montenegro (MoMSIC Montenegro) - LC Podgorica

25 SCOPE STUDENTS
0 SCORE STUDENTS
SCOPE EXCHANGE CONDITIONS
SCORE EXCHANGE CONDITIONS
http://www.momsic-mne.com/
NEOs
Stefan Bojovic
Milos Bojic
NOREs
NORE Montenegro
Bojic Milos
WELCOME NOTE

Welcome to "Wild Beauty".  Discover the splendid variety of our country of high mountains that rise from the crystal clear waters, deep gorgeus and beautiful pastures, places of natural and cultural heritage and monasteries where they say that miracles happen.

See you in Montenegro: the destination for friends!

OVERVIEW

History

The history of Montenegro dates back to 9th century with the emergence of Duklja, a vassal state of the Byzantine Empire. In those formative years, Duklja was ruled by the House of Vojislavljevic.

. In 1042, at the end of his 25-year rule, King Vojislav won a decisive battle near Bar against Byzantium, and Duklja became independent. 

Duklja's power and prosperity reached their zenith under King Vojislav's son, King Mihailo (1046–81), and his son King Bodin (1081–1101).

From the 11th century, it started to be referred to as Zeta. It ended with its incorporation into Raška, and beginning with the Balsic dynasty, 

Zeta was more often referred to as Crna Gora or by the Venetian term monte negro. A sovereign principality since the Late Middle Ages, 

Montenegro saw its independence from the Ottoman Empire formally recognized in 1878. From 1918, it was a part of various incarnations of Yugoslavia. 

On the basis of a referendum held on 21 May 2006, Montenegro declared independence on 3 June of that year.

Geography

Internationally, Montenegro borders Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo[a], and Albania. It lies between latitudes 41° and 44° N, and longitudes 18° and 21° E. Montenegro ranges from high peaks along its borders with Serbia and Albania, a segment of the Karst of the western Balkan Peninsula, to a narrow coastal plain that is only one to four miles (6 km) wide. The plain stops abruptly in the north, where Mount Lovcen and Mount Orjen plunge into the inlet of the Bay of Kotor. Montenegro's large Karst region lies generally at elevations of 1,000 metres (3,280 ft) above sea level; some parts, however, rise to 2,000 m (6,560 ft), such as Mount Orjen (1,894 m/6,214 ft), the highest massif among the coastal limestone ranges. The Zeta River valley, at an elevation of 500 m (1,600 ft), is the lowest segment. The mountains of Montenegro include some of the most rugged terrain in Europe, averaging more than 2,000 metres in elevation. One of the country's notable peaks is Bobotov Kuk in the Durmitor mountains, which reaches a height of 2,522 metres (8,274 ft). The Montenegrin mountain ranges were among the most ice-eroded parts of the Balkan Peninsula during the last glacial period.
 
The Montenegrin Adriatic coast is 295 km (183 mi) long, with 72 km (45 mi) of beaches, and with many well-preserved ancient old towns. National Geographic Traveler (edited once in decade) features Montenegro among the "50 Places of a Lifetime", and Montenegrin seaside Sveti Stefan was used as the cover for the magazine.[35] The coast region of Montenegro is considered one of the great new "discoveries" among world tourists. In January 2010, The New York Times ranked the Ulcinj South Coast region of Montenegro, including Velika Plaza, Ada Bojana, and the Hotel Mediteran of Ulcinj, as among the "Top 31 Places to Go in 2010" as part of a worldwide ranking of tourism destinations.[36] Montenegro was also listed in "10 Top Hot Spots of 2009" to visit by Yahoo Travel, describing it as "Currently ranked as the second fastest growing tourism market in the world (falling just behind China)".[37] It is listed every year by prestigious tourism guides like Lonely Planet as top touristic destination.

HEALTH CARE SYSTEM

The health care service is organized into three levels of health care.

Primary level is headed by the chosen doctor in ambulance or chosen doctor's team.

Secondary level  is provided throught specialist ambulances and hospital departments.

Tertiary  level is provided in narrow specialist ambulances, diagnostic centers and hospital departments which are highly specialized in terms of equepmen, personnel and facilities.

Network of health care institutions founded fallowing :

• 18 Public Health care Centers,

• 7 general hospitals

,• 3 Special hospitals, 

• Clinical Center of Montenegro,

 • Institute for Public Health, 

• Institute for emergency medical assistance

• Institute for Blood Transfusion

• PI Montefarm and Pharmacy Galenika Montenegro

The network also consists of a number of private health institutions that perform specialized consultative and diagnostic activity and private dental institutions, in accordance with the agreements signed with the Health Insurance Fund.

Financing of health care system:

Based on the model of compulsory health insurance trough contributions as predominant form of financing (Bismarck model)

• Law on health insurance provides the possibility for the introduction of the additional health insurance, which ensures on a voluntary basis covering the cost of health care up to the full cost of those expenses under the mandatory health insurance.

• The activities of additional insurance are carried out by the Health Insurance Fund , and can be carried out by the Insurance companies as well

.• Spending on health care is about 5% of GDP or about 12% of the total budget of Montenegro

MEDICAL EDUCATION

In order to became medical student,every person must finish High school that last 4 years. Medical high school is not obligatory. Studies last 6 years, 3 years of preclinical and 3 years of clinical studies. For teaching faculty space has two new, modernly equipped buildings, amphitheaters, laboratories, computer rooms, rooms for pre-clinical subjects.

Lessons from clinical cases takes place in teaching scientific bases of the Faculty (clinics, institutes, health centers).

Students are available to students club, library, reading room, computer room and other facilities.

TRANSPORTATION

Montenegro is connected to the world through road, railway, maritime and air transportation. 

There are several hundred planes that land at the Podgorica and Tivat airports every day during the high season, with visitors from around the world.

A large number of passenger ships dock in the port of Bar and the many marinas along the whole coastal zone are ready to welcome small and medium size yachts. But today, we have alsoBudva Marina and exclusive Porto Montenegro in Tivat.

If you are coming from EU or other countries on the free visa list (VISAS) you don't need a visa to visit Montenegro; on the contrary, you can easily and without a long procedure enter the country at any of the official border crossings.

The best way to travel from one part of Montenegro to another is by bus.

SOCIAL PROGRAM
Each year we organize rich social program for our students. We are trying to show the whole country to our incomings so we organize trips both to coast and on mountains. We organize trips every weekend during the clerkship.
MUST SEE
Longest beach: Velika Plaza Ulcinj- 13000km
Long beach
Highest peak: Zla Kolata Prokletije- 2534m
Largest lake: Skadar Lake 391m2 of surface area
Skadar lake
Deepest canyon: Tara Canyon- 13000m
Biggest bay: Bay of Kotor
Boka bay
National parks: Durmitor, Lovcen, Biogradska gora, Skadar lake, Prokletije
UNESCO World heritage sites: Durmitor, Tara river canyon, bay of Kotor
Durmitor, Black lake
CULTURAL DIFFERENCES
Most people from Montenegro are not very different from Western people, but there are certain peculiarities, which may emerge when you get to know your Montenegrin friends or business partners closer. They are mainly based on old customs and traditions, but they are also an expression of their Slavic temper.
Montenegrins despise traffic rules and regulations. Car drivers love to cross against the red light, to park their car wherever they want, and to “compete” with other drivers on the road by passing them under the most dangerous circumstances. You will be surprised to see many of them smoking a cigarette and – at the same time – using their cell phone while driving! As long as the police keep their eyes closed, the only thing you can do is: relax, accept the chaos and take care, especially on roundabouts! By the way, cycling is getting more and more popular; new trails were introduced in Podgorica, but be careful, many car drivers are not used to them yet.
If you are invited for a meal, expect that the hosts will feed you until you feel completely full and not capable of moving. If you want to stop eating and drinking, just leave some food on your plate and leave your glass (half) full, otherwise you will end up badly. As a guest, you are expected to bring a gift: chocolates, a bottle of wine or flowers are a good suggestion. But always buy an odd number of flowers, an even number is good for funerals only! When entering a Montenegrin home, you are expected to take off your shoes, especially in rural areas. Of course, this does not apply to urban surroundings, i.e. apartment buildings. In Montenegro, people usually toast with traditional home-made rakija (grape brandy), by clinking glasses and saying “
OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION