Brazil
NMO GENERAL INFORMATION
Brazil DENEM
LANGUAGE
REQUIRED LANGUAGE
Portuguese
English, Spanish, Portuguese
(GMT-03:00) Brasilia
Brazilian real
SCOPE Active
SCORE Active
Brazil (DENEM) - Alfenas/UNIFENAS
Brazil (DENEM) - Aracaju/UFS
Brazil (DENEM) - Barbacena/MG-FUNJOB
Brazil (DENEM) - Belo Horizonte/MG-FCMMG
Brazil (DENEM) - Belo Horizonte/MG-UFMG
Brazil (DENEM) - Botucatu/SP-UNESP
Brazil (DENEM) - Rio de Janeiro/RJ - UNESA
Brazil (DENEM) - Campo Grande/MS-UFMS
Brazil (DENEM) - Curitiba/PR--PUC-PR
Brazil (DENEM) - Curitiba/PR-FEPAR
Brazil (DENEM) - Curitiba/PR-UP
Brazil (DENEM) - Duque de Caxias/RJ - UNIGRANRIO
Brazil (DENEM) - Florianopolis/SC-UFSC
Brazil (DENEM) - Goiania/GO-UFG
Brazil (DENEM) - Itajai/SC-UNIVALI
Brazil (DENEM) - Itajuba/FMIt
Brazil (DENEM) - Joao Pessoa/PB-UFPB
Brazil (DENEM) - Jundiai/SP-FMJ
Brazil (DENEM) - Maceio/AL-UFAL
Brazil (DENEM) - Maceio - UNCISAL
Brazil (DENEM) - Manaus/AM - UFAM
Brazil (DENEM) - Caico - UFRN
Brazil (DENEM) - Niteroi/RJ-UFF
Brazil (DENEM) - Ouro Preto/MG-UFOP
Brazil (DENEM) - Porto Alegre/RS-UFCSPA
Brazil (DENEM) - Pouso Alegre/MG-UNIVAS
Brazil (DENEM) - Recife/PE-UFPE
Brazil (DENEM) - Recife/PE-UPE
Brazil (DENEM) - Rio de Janeiro - Souza Marques
Brazil (DENEM) - Rio de Janeiro/ UNIRIO
Brazil (DENEM) - Rio de Janeiro/RJ-UERJ
Brazil (DENEM) - Salvador/BA-EBMSP
Brazil (DENEM) - Santa Maria/RS-UFSM
Brazil (DENEM) - Sao Luis/MA-UFMA
Brazil (DENEM) - Belo Horizonte/FASEH
Brazil (DENEM) - Teresopolis/UNIFESO
Brazil (DENEM) - Uberaba-UFTM
Brazil (DENEM) - Vitoria-UFES
Brazil (DENEM) - Vitoria/ES-EMESCAM
Brazil (DENEM) - Vitoria/ES-UNIVIX
Brazil (DENEM) - Volta Redonda/RJ-UNIFOA
Brazil (DENEM) - Brasilia-ESCS
Brazil (DENEM) - Anapolis/GO-UNIEVANGELICA
Brazil (DENEM) - Brasilia/DF - UCB
Brazil (DENEM) - Joao Pessoa/PB - FAMENE
Brazil (DENEM) - Sao Paulo/SP-UNIFESP
Brazil (DENEM) - Vicosa-UFV
Brazil (DENEM) - Campos Dos Goytacazes - FMC
Brazil (DENEM) - Colatina - Unesc
Brazil (DENEM) - Petropolis/RJ - FMP
Brazil (DENEM) - Recife/FPS
Brazil (DENEM) - Pedra Branca/SC - UNISUL
Brazil (DENEM) - Sao Jose do Rio Preto/SP - FAMERP
Brazil (DENEM) - Brasilia/DF - UniCEUB
Brazil (DENEM) - Ipatinga/MG - UNIVACO
Brazil (DENEM) - Juiz de Fora/MG - UNIPAC JF
Brazil (DENEM) - Porto Alegre/RS - PUC-RS
Brazil (DENEM) - Universidade Estadual do Para Maraba (UEPA Maraba) - Maraba (PA)
Brazil (DENEM) - Faculdade Dinamica Vale do Piranga (FADIP) - Ponte Nova (MG)
Brazil (DENEM) - Joao Pessoa - Centro Universitario de Joao Pessoa (UNIPE)
Brazil (DENEM) - Sao Paulo - Universidade de Sao Paulo (FMUSP)
Brazil (DENEM) - Recife - Universidade Catolica de Pernambuco (Unicap)
Brazil (DENEM) - Rio Verde/GO - Universidade de Rio Verde (UniRV)
Brazil (DENEM) - Mogi das Cruzes/SP - Universidade de Mogi das Cruzes (UMC)
Brazil (DENEM) - Rio Grande/RS - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG)
Brazil (DENEM) - Foz do Iguaçu/PR - Universidade Federal da Integração Latino Americana (UNILA)
Brazil (DENEM) - Caruaru/PE - Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE UAA)
Brazil (DENEM) - Mossoró/RN - Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-árido (UFERSA)
Brazil (DENEM) - Pelotas/RS - Universidade Católica de Pelotas (UCPEL)
Brazil (DENEM) - Passo Fundo/RS - Faculdade Meridional (IMED)
Brazil (DENEM) - Recife/PE - Faculdade Maurício de Nassau (UNINASSAU)
Brazil (DENEM) - UFJF (Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora) - Juiz de Fora - MG

592 SCOPE STUDENTS
100 SCORE STUDENTS
SCOPE EXCHANGE CONDITIONS
SCORE EXCHANGE CONDITIONS
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NEOs
Monique Frank de Vasconcelos
Victor Medeiros Braga
NOREs
Theófilo Bom Conselho
Theófilo Mendes do Bom Conselho
Ana Cantarelli
WELCOME NOTE
Dear medical student, you are about to make the best decision of your life.
Yes, I'm talking to you. You there, reading this page.
You have probably clicked this link because you have heard of Brazil. But do you REALLY know Brazil? You're gonna learn Brazil is much more than just Sampa, Carnival and Football
But I advise you, be prepared. You will love this place so much, you'll want to stay forever.
Fasten your seatbelts and enjoy the ride. 
We are expecting you with open arms.
OVERVIEW

Brazil (Brasil; República Federativa do Brasil) is a country situated in South America. It is the biggest country both in South America and Latin America and is also the fifth largest in the world, both by geographical area and by population, with 8,515,767 square kilometers of territory and 202,814,000 inhabitants. Brazil is the only Portuguese speaking country in the Americas. Composed by 5570 cities spread through 26 States and a Federal District, it has a 7491km coast and borders every single country in South America, except for Chile and Ecuador.


The noble red tree used for cloth painting

Having it's name derived from a tree called "pau-brasil", commonly explored by the Portuguese during colonization, the country became independent in 1822, holding the legacy of intense miscigenation. Today, it's divided in five regions (South, Southeast, North, Northeast and Center-West), each with distinct climates, population and cultural aspects.

Here are Brazil's regions and states, and a comparison of it's size to another countries!

Well, there's a lot to talk about, and we don't want to be boring, because that would be basically the opposite of being Brazilian (source: The world's coolest nationalities - CNN Travel). So here's everything you ever wanted to know about Brazil in one paragraph:
Brazilian people are warm and friendly, and we love to receive foreigners more than anything. Many people don't speak english, but the majority of the medical students do (lucky you!). Want to start a conversation with a random person? Talk about football, soup operas, movies or parties. We love to party, A LOT. We have the best the food in the world, or should I say, all the best foods in the world. (source: 24 Traditional Brazilian Foods You Need To Eat Right Now - BuzzFeed).
The most common religion is catholicism, but no one is really going to care if your religion is different than theirs. We have a lot of ethnical origins, lots of African, European (Portuguese, Spanish, German and Italian, mostly), Asian (Japanase, mostly) and East Mediterranean inffluences. All these immigrants brought their food with them (I'm serious about ALL the best food in the world). We drink beer, mostly, but yes, we also drink caipirinha and it's GREAT. We have lots of holidays. We have a dozen types of typical musics which are all equally awesome.
And most important: we can offer you ANYTHING you might want from a country. You can spend 10 years travelling around Brazil, and you won't get tired of it. Every place here is unique, every person here is unique, the whole Brazil is unique.

HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
"Health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health is a fundamental human right and the attainment of the highest possible level of health is one of the most important worldwide social goals, requiring for it's achievement, the action of many other social and economic sectors in addition to the health sector."


Sistema Único de Saúde

SUS (Sistema Único de Saúde / Unified Health System):
In 1986, during the VIII National Health Conference, among the discussions about health in Brazil, many organizations, including users and workers in health, political representations, students, among others, proposed, discussed and defined a new way to assist health in Brazil.
Health discussion in the VIII National Health Conference: It is widely accepted that health is the result of adequate conditions of nutrition, housing, environment, income, work, transportation, employment, leisure, freedom, land and an adequate health system. In 1988 our constitution defines the Unified Health System as a group of actions and health services offered by public institutions and some private associated institutions.
Principles of SUS:
  • Universality: Health is considered a right for every citizen and the Municipal, State and Federal governments are responsible for it.
  • Equality: Everyone has equal rights in SUS. Health attention should be adequate to each reality.
  • Integrality: The aims of health actions should involve prevention, promotion, cure and rehabilitation of health. The Human Being must be understood as a whole.
  • Social Control: Guarantee of social participation in the main definitions of the Health System.
  • Regionalization: Division of health attention in primary, secondary and high level care in accordance with population needs.
  • Decentralization: Responsabilization of the different levels of the government (municipal, regional and federal)


Family Health Program with home visits by the Primary Healthcare team.
MEDICAL EDUCATION
Brazil has 265 medical schools (july/2016), being the second biggest country in this matter, only staying after India. More than 80% of those schools are private. Among the public schools (which offer the courses for free), we have mainly Federal and State Universites, but also a few Municipal ones. To enter a medical school, the applicant has to be graduated on high school and take an exam (Vestibular). Each school had it's own entrance exam, but recently the government is trying to unify the entrance exams for public schools. Some universities accepted this exam, but a few still do it's own. The Medicine course lasts 6 years (2 years of pre-clinical studies, 2 years of clinical studies and 2 years of internship) and is taught in Portuguese. After those 6 years of studies, one may choose a specialization. You must take another exam to enter a residency program and the duration varies from 2 to 6 years.


Practical bedside learning: The best teaching method, adopted in most medical schools in Brazil

Medical Education in Brazil and SUS: Medical education has big importance for improvement of SUS in Brazil. Medical Education must be based on knowledge of communities' needs. It's important that medical students are aware of the importance of discussion and improvement of SUS.

DENEM and SUS: DENEM was founded in 1986 and had intense involvement in questions concerning the “Sanitary Reform”. It's the oficial form of representation for Brazilian medical students, as a social group, in the improvement and defense of SUS. DENEM fights for high quality public health, free of charges and any form of discrimination.

Medical Exchange and SUS: We offer direct insertion of foreigners medical students in SUS. They will experience direct contact with a different Health System in a particular society. Further than acquiring medical and cultural knowledge, the exchange is understood as a great opportunity for personal mobilization.
TRANSPORTATION
Brazil is served by most international airlines. There are dozens of daily flights, full of tourists coming from every corner of the world. Those who most frequently seek out our country for their vacations are the Argentines, the North Americans and the Germans. However, with the expansion in the number of international airlines operating here, visitors from other countries are also getting interested in visiting us, according to recent surveys. These include Uruguay, Portugal, France, Italy, and most of our neighboring countries in Latin America.

Main Brazilian airlines:
LATAM Airlines
Azul Airlines
GOL Airlines
SOCIAL PROGRAM
The social Program depends of the Local Comittee. Brazil is internationally known for its popular feasts such as the New Year, Carnival, or June Feasts. These enthusiastic celebrations, which combine singing, music and much dance, attract millions of foreign tourists to the country every year. In them, it is almost impossible to remain as a mere spectator – everyone participates, everyone plays along. Accept this invitation and come celebrate life in Brazil.

Carnaval in Brazil

Carnival The joy of the carioca (Rio de Janeiro citizens) is contagious on those who visit Rio to participate in the Carnival – regardless of their origin. It calls on everyone to move their feet, let their arms loose, let their eyes shine and fully participate in this feast. be it in Samba schools, on Avenida Marques de Sapucaí, or in the street blocks, the order is one: fun.
In Salvador, Bahia State, the Carnival effectively begins in December, with the opening of the celebrations by the Conceição Beach feast. But it is in February that the merry makers of all ages fill up the capital of Bahia, animated by sound trailers – large and colorfully decorated trucks equipped with powerful loud speakers, from where singers sing and make people dance.
In the state of Pernambuco, we have the Olinda and Recife carnivals. Frevo dance emerged from this location, one of the most enticing rhythms of the nation. For a week, people go out on the streets in costumes and dance frenetically, next to traditional giant dolls and maracatus.
In São Paulo, the Carnival had been formerly a party restricted to saloons. Overtime, it conquered the streets, following the influences of the Rio de Janeiro Samba Schools.
New Year New Year throughout Brazil is one of the most majestic and democratic feasts. People of all ethnic groups, social classes and creed forget their differences and embrace together the new year.
In the city of Rio de Janeiro, this celebration is quite exciting. there is homage paid to Iemanja, queen of the sea. There are those who jump waves to attract good fortune in the new year. People celebrate together, illuminated by a huge fire works event that decorates the skies of the Marvelous City at midnight.


New year in Rio de Janeiro

June Feasts The June feasts began as small celebrations in countryside towns, which celebrated Saint Peter, Saint Anthony and Saint John, greatly devoted to by Brazilian. Over the years, however, they began to grow until they became mega events, gathering millions of visitors in June and July.
The June circuit in the Northeast of Brazil is one of the most famous and traditional around the world. Caruaru, in the State of Pernambuco, and Campina Grande, in Paraíba, dispute the title of best feast in the country. The first is known as the “capital of forró”, a popular dance and music, while the other as the “Biggest Saint John in the world”.


A traditional June Feast in Brazil: Local dances and great food.

In the cablocla (mixed white and indigenous) Amazon, the tradition of honoring the saints has a calendar that begins in June, with Saint Anthony, and ends only in December, with Saint benedict. They are market feasts, with bonfires, fireworks, much food and fun.
In the South of Minas Gerais, there is concern in celebrating the June feasts in the simple format of the countryside people. Contrary to the major cities, which have put aside the folkloric aspect of these feasts, the countryside keeps the tradition alive. During the event, typical meals are served by bonfire light, while dance groups entertain everyone.
The Divine Holy Spirit Feast is beyond any doubt the largest popular manifestation in Pirenópolis. Pirenópolis is a picturesque city in the interior of the State of Goiás and it has many natural beauties and enchants its visitors with its preserved colonial homes and its steep stone streets. This intense feast mixes various religious and secular manifestations from diverse origins and meanings. It is such a rich profusion of folklore that it infects the layperson as well as the erudite, the secular and the religious, serving all in all forms and tongues. That is the Divine Holy Spirit.
The Jousts are open air theater that represent the medieval fight between Christians and Moors on horseback. It is the high point of the feast that begins 45 days after Easter Sunday and attracts almost 15 thousand people to the city. The choice of the Divine’s Emperor opens the 12-day event, brought in 1819 by Portuguese Jesuits. Then, there is the procession, the crowning, the rock cannon shots and the fireworks. Another curiosity about the feast are the masks. People dress up with bull or puma heads – on foot or on horseback, and roam the streets shouting and scaring the participants.
Other celebrations In addition to the national popular feasts, Brazil also offers regional celebrations that animated and conquer tourists from all over:
*Parintins festival - Large folkloric celebration, mobilizes the Parintins city in Amazonas, around the fight between the "Caprichoso" and "Garantido" bulls, with allegoric vehicle parades, choreographies, and lots of music. The spectacle takes place annualy in June.
*Bumba-meu-boi of Maranhão - one of the most traditional merriments of Brazil, bumba-meu-boi is a vehicle staging a combination of theater, dance, music and circus. It's a very popular feast in São Luís, capital of the State of Maranhão, also taking place in June.
*Oktoberfest - In october, the city of Blumenau enters into festivities, showing visitors from all over Brazil and the world it's rich culture. With music, dance and typical cuisine, the party preserves the traditions of German immigrants who settled in the region.
*Micaretas - out o season carnivals. Created in the city of Feira de Santana, Bahia, unpleased with the carnival, which did not take place that year due to heavy rainstorms. It was so successful that it became a national mania. Since the 1990's, many Micaretas take place in many capitals of Brazilian states, almost throughout the year.
For further info on our social programs, visit our LCs pages!
MUST SEE
Everything! Hahaha
Well, if you have the time and the money for that, you should try to visit at least one city in each one of the country's regions. Rio de Janeiro is mandatory, together with São Paulo and any of the amazing capitals of the northeast. The well developed capitals of the South, and the outstanding scenarios of the Amazon Forest and Pantanal Matogrossense are also worth your time.
You need to check our LC pages to be sure you won't miss anything!

And of course, the best thing to see in Brazil, are the brazilians!
CULTURAL DIFFERENCES
Brazil is a country of many mixings. This mixing of colors, races, beats and flavors is waiting for new explorers willing to know the true essence of a strong, happy and hospitable people. Architecture is one of the most lasting manifestations of a people’s history. Buildings reveal customs, trends and techniques of each time. With a large historical-cultural heritage, Brazil has attracted a great number of tourists interested in learning, through large museums or city streets, a little of the nation’s past.
Cultural interchange, or education tourism, is a segment specialized in promoting trips with the purpose of participating in programs and activities of interchange, cultural experiences, oriented learning, training or expansion of knowledge on site.


One of the many indigenous celebrations in Brazil

Differently from other nations, Brazil’s potential in the segment of education interchange and tourism is not in the instruction of the language. In addition, although, in many scientific areas of knowledge, the country does indeed hold centers of excellence, its strong point is in fact its cultural and environmental diversity.
There are many lessons to learn in the country. One of the most important is the harmony between the different ethnic groups living together. With a population comprised of Indians, Africans, Portuguese and subsequently, complemented by immigrants from all comers of the planet, Brazil teaches tolerance and respect for different cultures.


Capoeira: An african dance and fight, common in Brazil

It is also possible to participate in innovative programs of sustainable use of renewable natural resources. In the State of Acre, for instance, many production, management and commercialization projects involving products derived from native plant species have been in development. They are real lessons on how to preserve the environment and the development of a people can go hand-in-hand.
Visit the architectural, historical and cultural treasures stored in the immensity of Brazil.


Chinese new year in Liberdade, an asian neighborhood in São Paulo.

Ethnic tourism consists of visiting locations where distinct ways of life can be observed and explored. The goal is to closely see small social groups in their natural environment, with their particularities and traditions – and thus, learn from them.
This kind of tourism emerged in the world tourism scenario as a leisure option for people interested in leaning about different peoples, cultures and traditions. Moreover, it has been conquering more and more adepts around the world.
Brazil is one of the most sought after destinations for such trips as it holds over 600 indigenous reserves spread out nationwide. There are currently about 220 indigenous peoples here, who speak over 180 distinct languages, totaling about 370 thousand individuals. The major part of this population is distributed in thousands of villages, situated in the interior of indigenous lands.


Oktoberfest in Blumenau, in the South of Brazil, a place with big german influences

Some Brazilian locations stand out when it comes to ethnical tourism. Such is the case of São Gabriel da Cachoeira, in the State of Amazonas, where one can find representatives of the tribes Piratapuias, Tucanos, Desanas, Banivas, Barés and Ianomâmis. Every year, there is a Cultural festival of the Tribes of Alto Rio Negro (Up river region) where their handicraft and cuisine are introduced to visitors and tourists during a joyous festivity. The preparations serve to teach the youth of the tribes, preserving ancient rituals.
In the Northeastern Region, the Potyguara serve as a good example among the indigenous peoples of the region. With an estimated population of 7,575 people distributed into 33 centers in three indigenous lands on the Northern Coast of the state of Paraíba. Its history of contact with the non-indigenous society originates from the beginning of colonization. Today, they strive to uphold the vigor of their ethnical identity by re-learning their native language, Tupi; and the realization of the Toré, a complex ritual that celebrates the friendship between distinct villages, strengthening the feeling of unison, and of a nation.
If ethnic tourism is your thing, do not waste time.
Historical City of Ouro Preto Declared Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 1980, the former capital of the province of Minas Gerais holds on its stone roads, a small piece of Brazil’s independence history. Founded by the end of the 17th century, Ouro Preto was the main setoff point for the gold race in the 18th century. Many churches, bridges and fountains remain as proof of the materials of this past of prosperity, and of the exceptional talent of the baroque sculptor, Aleijadinho.


A catholic church in Ouro Preto, state of Minas Gerais.

Historic City of Olinda Founded by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Olinda suffered great foreign invasions during the colonial age of Brazil due to its importance during the economical sugar cane cycle. The harmonious balance between baroque churches, convents, small chapels, buildings, gardens and monuments, leave it with a distinct charm – and ensured it the title of Humanity’s Heritage in 1982.
Ruins of São Miguel das Missões The ruins of São Miguel das Missões, located in the South, represent valuable traces of Jesuit Mission in the country. They were built in the indigenous lands of the Guaranis between the 17th and 18th centuries; and standout for their wealth in shapes, and exception state of conservation. This fact earned it the title of World Cultural Heritage in 1984.
Historical Center of Salvador, State of Bahia First capital of the country – from 1549 to 1763 -, Salvador preserves, up until today, countless renaissance age buildings. A peculiarity of the old city is the wealth of colors of the reminiscent colonial mansion – comprising the complex history and culture of Pelourinho. The Historical Center was declared by Unesco as Humanity’s Heritage in 1985.
Bom Jesus Sanctuary, in Congonhas do Campo Located in Congonhas do Campo, in the State of Minas Gerais, it was built in the second half of the 18th century. It consists of a church, filled with magnificent rococo style adornments, of Italian inspiration. The decoration of its street and stairway is in sculptures of prophets. There, one can also find seven chapels illustrating the passing of Christ through Calvary, plus admirable polychrome tombstones made by Aleijadinho – Brazilian Baroque style master. It was declared humanity’s heritage in 1985.
History Center of São Luis, State of Maranhão By the end of the 17th century, the French founded São Luiz, which was later invaded and occupied by the Dutch. The Portuguese retook it eventualy, and preserved the complete original plan of the city. Due to the long period of economic stagnations in the 20th century, an exceptional number of historical buildings were kept, leaving the locations as an example of an Iberian colonial city. It was declared Humanity’s Heritage by Unesco in 1997.
History Center of Diamantina City Founded during the diamond rush in the 18th century, the city of Diamantina, Minas Gerais, is a witness to human, cultural and artistic triumph over the adversities imposed by its location – its urban and architectural assembly of buildings is perfectly integrated into the wild scenario. It was declared humanity’s heritage by Unesco in 1999.
History Center of Goiás City It perfectly represents the colonial occupation of the central region of Brazil in the 18th and 19th centuries. Its urban layout is an example of organic development adapted to regional conditions. Unesco declared it Humanity’s Heritage in 2001.
Brasília The federal capital was also declared humanity’s heritage in 1987 in order to preserve its architectural features. However, differently from other cities of Brazil’s heritage, it was given the title for being a unique example of innovation, conviction and modernity. Outcome of the design of Urbanist Lúcio Costa and architect Oscar Niemeyer, it is a mark in the history of planned cities. From the design of residential blocks and administrative buildings, to the symmetry of buildings, everything is in harmony with the city’s design as a whole. The official constructions, in special, are creative and highly artistic.
OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Brazil is a really big country with lots of different cultures. When you come here, you should be aware of that and always respect de differences.
Make sure to talk to your contact person before you arrive. Go after informations on wheather (Brazil is not only sunny beaches!)

We are waiting for you. Please come to Brazil!!