Dear exchange students,
We are really happy to receive you in our beautiful country, and we hope you spend a great time with us.
Bolivia has public and private universities. Among them: Universidad Mayor, Real y Pontificia de San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca UMRPSFXCH– Sucre, founded in 1624; Universidad Mayor de San Andres UMSA – La Paz, founded in 1830; Universidad Mayor de San Simon UMSS – Cochabamba, founded in 1832; Universidad del Valle UNIVALLE - Cochabamba, founded in 1988; Universidad Autónoma Gabriel René Moreno UAGRM – Santa Cruz de la Sierr a, founded in 1880; Universidad Tecnica de Oruro UTO – Oruro, founded in 1892; and Universidad Autónoma Tomás Frías UATF – Potosi, founded in 1892.
BoA- Boliviana de Aviación
Boliviana de Aviación, often referred to as simply BoA, is the flag carrier airline of the Plurinational State of Bolivia and is wholly owned by the country's government. It was established in October 2007 and began operations in March 2009. The airline is headquartered in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, with its main hub at Viru Viru International Airport and focus cities at El Alto International Airport and Jorge Wilstermann International Airport. Most international flights, however, including long-haul services to Madrid and Miami operate out of Viru Viru in Santa Cruz de la Sierra. Boliviana de Aviación currently flies to 13 destinations in 5 countries and is the largest airline in Bolivia in terms of fleet size and passengers carried.
The airline was established as a state-owned enterprise in 2007 under the government of president Evo Morales as the successor airline of former flag carrier Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano (LAB), which ceased operations after 87 years of continuous operation and in 2011, following the demise of the country's second largest airline, AeroSur, Boliviana de Aviación expanded its network to international destinations and became the only major airline in Bolivia.
Boliviana de Aviación previously operated an all-Boeing fleet, which consisted of Boeing 737s and Boeing 767s and it recently ordered two Bombardier CRJ200 regional aircraft to begin regional services under the airline's new regional branch BoA Regional.The airline is undergoing a major expansion, it is currently updating its Boeing 737 Classic fleet to newer Boeing 737 Next Generation aircraft and is planning to add new destinations in Latin America and the Caribbean
In November 2014, the Boliviana de Aviación became a full member of the International Air Transport Association.
The General Directorate of Civil Aeronautics (Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil—DGAC) formerly part of the FAB, administers a civil aeronautics school called the National Institute of Civil Aeronautics (Instituto Nacional de Aeronáutica Civil—INAC), and two commercial air transport services TAM and TAB.
TAM – Transporte Aéreo Militar (the Bolivian Military Airline) is an airline based in La Paz, Bolivia. It is the civilian wing of the 'Fuerza Aérea Boliviana' (the Bolivian Air Force), operating passenger services to remote towns and communities in the North and Northeast of Bolivia. TAM (a.k.a. TAM Group 71) has been a part of the FAB since 1945.
Although a civil transport airline, TAB – Transportes Aéreos Bolivianos, was created as a subsidiary company of the FAB in 1977. It is subordinate to the Air Transport Management (Gerencia de Transportes Aéreos) and is headed by an FAB general. TAB, a charter heavy cargo airline, links Bolivia with most countries of the Western Hemisphere; its inventory includes a fleet of Hercules C130 aircraft. TAB is headquartered adjacent to El Alto International Airport. TAB flies to Miami and Houston, with a stop inPanama.
The three largest, and main international airports in Bolivia are El Alto International Airport in La Paz, Viru Viru International Airport in Santa Cruz, and Jorge Wilstermann International Airport in Cochabamba.
Visit our awesome landscape and natural paradises :)
The ethnic composition of Bolivia is diverse. The largest of the approximately three dozen native groups are the Quechuas (2.5 million),Aymaras (2 million), then Chiquitano (180,000), and Guaraní (125,000). So the full Amerindian population is at 55%; the remaining 30% are mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white), and around 15% are white.
Indigenous, also called "originarios" ("native" or "original") and less frequently, Amerindians, can be Andean, as the Aymaras andQuechuas (which formed the ancient Inca Empire), which concentrate in the western departments of La Paz, Potosí, Oruro, Cochabambaand Chuquisaca. There also is an important oriental ethnic population, composed by the Guaraní and Moxos, among others, and that inhabit the departments of Santa Cruz, Beni, Tarija and Pando. The indigenous people compose the 60% of the Bolivian population.
Mestizos are distributed throughout the entire country and compose the 26% of the Bolivian population. Most people assume their mestizoidentity while at the same time identifying themselves with one or more indigenous cultures.
Whites are usually concentrated in the largest cities; La Paz, Santa Cruz de la Sierra and Cochabamba, but as well in some minor cities like Tarija. In the Santa Cruz Departmentthere are several dozen colonies of German-speaking Mennonites with about 70,000 inhabitants in 2012. Whites represent 15% of the total Bolivian population.
Afro Bolivians, descendents of African slaves which arrived in the times of the Spanish Empire, inhabit the department of La Paz, and located mainly in the provinces of Nor Yungas and Sud Yungas. Slavery was abolished in Bolivia in 1831.
There are small numbers of European citizens of Germany, France, Italy and Portugal, as well as coming from other American countries, as Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia,Cuba, Ecuador, United States, Paraguay, Peru, Mexico and Venezuela, among others. There are important Peruvian colonies in La Paz, El Alto and Santa Cruz de la Sierra.
1. With a population of about 10.5 million people and its extension, Bolivia is one of the countries in Latin America with a lower density population.
2. The capital of Bolivia is Sucre. La Paz is the seat of the executive, legislative and electoral.
3. Bolivia is a derivation of the name of Simon Bolivar, the liberator, hero of independence (1825) and first president.
4. Lake Titicaca, located between Bolivia and Peru, is considered the highest navigable lake in the world, about 3810 meters above the sea level.
5. In the Sun Island, the largest in Lake Titicaca, there are several archaeological sites, among which is the ‘Sacred Rock’ or rock of origins. According to the legend there were born Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo the first Incas, sons of the Gods of the Sun and the Moon.
6. The Salar de Uyuni is the largest salt desert in the world, with an area of 12,000 km ². It contains 10 billion tons of salt and is one of the largest lithium reserves in the world.
7. In territory of Bolivia were developed the pre-Inca cultures of Tiahuanaco and theHydraulic Culture of Lomas. The first is the most durable pre-Inca culture of the Andean area. The second is characterized by its use of hydraulic engineering, through which they could run the course of many rivers and taking advantage of floods to improve agricultural production.
8. About 60% of Bolivia´s population is indigenous or native, the highest percentage of America.
9. Potosi and El Alto are the highest large cities (over 100,000 inhabitants) in the world.
10. Spanish settlers found a whole mountain of silver (Cerro Rico), the largest silver mine in the world. They exploited it for over a century founding Potosí which became one of the richest cities and more opulence of the era. They achieved it by the slavering of thousands indigenous, and later Africans, working in inhumane conditions often lead to death from exhaustion.