Brasília is a city ahead of its time, one of the largest cities in the world built in the 20th century. The federal capital of Brazil houses a seat of the three branches of the Republic (Executive, Legislative and Judiciary), 127 foreign embassies and government of the Distrito Federal. The capital is located in the Center-West region of the country, along the geographic region known as "Planalto Central." According to estimates by the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) in 2016, its population was 2,914,830 inhabitants (4,284,676 in its metropolitan area), being the third most populous city in Brazil. The word "Brasilia" is used as a synonym for the Distrito Federal (DF) as a whole through synecdoche. However, the DF is composed of Administrative Regions, which happens with Washington, DC, in the United States, and with Canberra, Australia. The way Brasília was populated made it plural, miscegenated and syncretic, representing an identity of the whole of Brazil, with many accents, many faces and many colors. The mix is a slogan for a capital that is a synthesis of the whole of Brazil.
Inaugurated on April 21, 1960, by then President Juscelino Kubitschek, Brasília became formally the third capital of Brazil, prepressed by Salvador and Rio de Janeiro. With its innovative urban plan, started to be planned and developed in 1956 by Lúcio Costa and architect Oscar Niemeyer, with structural calculations of the engineer Joaquim Cardoso. The urban plan of the capital, known as "Plano Piloto", prepared by the urbanist Lúcio Costa, took advantage of the region, a project suitable for Lake Paranoá, designed in 1893 by the Cruls Mission. A top view for the name Plano Piloto because the main area of the city resembles the shape of an airplane, an idea from the two-axis line crossing the right angle, as a sign of the cross. One of the lines, the Road Axis, had the trace sloping slightly, which gave the cross the shape of an airplane. It would be a path leading to the Residential aereas - today, Asa Sul and Asa Norte. The other line, which represented the Monumental Axis, would house the public buildings and government Federal palace on the east side; a Bus Station and a TV Tower in the center, and the buildings of the local government on the west side. The city, commonly referred to as "Federal Capital" or "BSB", is considered a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, due to its architectural and urban development and has the largest listed area in the world, with 112.5 square kilometers. The planning policy of the city, such as location of residential buildings in large urban areas, construction of the city through huge avenues and its division into sectors, has provoked debates on the lifestyle of large cities in the twentieth century. The city project divides it into numbered blocks, as well as sectors for activities, such as the Hotel, Banking and Embassies.
Brasília is a tropical climate, with an average temperature of 22 ° C and variations ranging from 13 ° C to 28 ° C throughout the year. dry season runs from June to September, but for most of the year the city has a climate pleasant and flowery vegetation. But, whether a resident or visitor, who knows Brasilia knows: you can feel cold and hot the same day, sometimes with difference of hours. Coat, umbrella and sunglasses are
accessories that almost everyone who step on Brazilian soil will need. It is a
According to his Lúcio Costa, Brasilia is the City planned for the orderly and efficient work, but at the same time living and pleasant city, intellectual speculation, capable of becoming, with the time, as well as a center of government and administration, in a focus of the most lucid and sensitive in the country.
cosmopolitan. Here you will find restaurants that offer the most variety of dishes, it is an opportunity to try different several flavors of Brazil in one place.
Access to Brasília is done by air, through the Airport Of Brasília - President Juscelino Kubitschek, the third largest airport in Brazil, performs flights to almost every country in the world.
Brasilia work with the circulating taxis system, as well as the Uber and 99taxi applications.
In Brasilia we have the Interstate Bus Station, a complex construction that occupies 20 thousand, which offers more than 100 bus lines to different places in Brazil. In addition to public transport, BRT Express that counts 35km of free passage that goes to the sector in the Pilot Plan Highway, costing only 5 real.
Wonders of Brasilia:
1. Metropolitan Cathedral
Metropolitan Cathedral of Our Lady Aparecida, better known as Cathedral of Brasilia, is the seat of the Archdiocese of Brasília. Designed by the architect Oscar Niemeyer, with the structural calculation of engineer Joaquim Cardoso, was the first monument to be created in Brasilia. The hyperboloid structure of reinforced concrete holds up its ceiling along with its glass roof seem to be open to the sky. Most part of the cathedral is below ground, with only the 70-meter roof,
the oval roof of the baptistery and the belfry are visible above the ground. The shape of the roof is based on a hyperboloid with asymmetric sections. The structure hyperboloid consists of 16 identical concrete columns mounted in place. These columns, with hyperbolic section and weighing 90 tons, represent two hands
moving to the sky.
2. Congresso Nacional
The "Palácio Nereu Ramos", also referred to as the National Congress Palace, is the building constructed to house the National Congress of Brazil, inaugurated in 1960, was designed by Oscar Niemeyer, with a structural calculation by Joaquim Cardoso. It is one of the three monumental buildings that define the "Square of the Three Powers". Poetically, the domes that make up the trademark of the building are not positioned in such a way by chance. The Senate, which lies below the concave dome (facing downwards, left), intends to transmit and prevail reflection, balance, and weight of experience to those within it; can also represent the country's highest "summit", one that will validate the rules and laws of the nation. The convex dome (facing up, right), located above the Deputies Assembly, is larger and more open; its vast vertex is open to all the ideas and ideologies, tendencies, yearnings and opinions that compose the Brazilian people, represented in the interior of the building by the deputies.
3. Palácio da Alvorada
The Palácio da Alvorada is the building designated as the official residence of the President of Brazil. It is located on the banks of Lake Paranoá, and was the first building to be inaugurated in the Federal Capital on June 30, 1958. The palace is a marble-clad building, enclosed by glass curtains, whose structure is constituted externally by white pillars . In this way, the glass provides a certain integration between interior and exterior space. Already the famous columns lean on the ground by one of its vertices, apparently, disappear the idea of weight - as if the building landed in the soil of Brasilia. The work with the curve in this and in other buildings of Brasilia made that the work of Niemeyer was denominated possibly Baroque.
4. Palácio do Planalto
Palácio do Planalto is the official name of the workplace of the Presidency of Brazil. It is the place where the Presidential Office is located. The presidential palace was one of the main features of Lucio Costa's plan for the newly created federal capital, Brasília. Oscar Niemeyer was chosen as architect of the Palácio do Planalto and construction of the building began on July 10, 1958. The Board of Directors was temporarily based in Catetinho, outside Brasília, during construction. The palace was officially inaugurated on April 21, 1960, by President Juscelino Kubitschek. It was one of the first buildings inaugurated in the new capital, together with the National Congress and Supreme Federal Court.
5. Torre de TV
Designed by Lúcio Costa, TV Tower is one of the few important buildings in Brasilia that are not a creation of Oscar Niemeyer. It is the fourth highest structure in Brazil, second only to the Torre Alta Observatory of the Amazon, located in the Amazon Forest . Taking advantage of its privileged location for observation, in the center of the capital, a lookout tower 75 meters high and with a capacity for 150 people was built in the Tower. At the front still has a fountain, which further decorates the landscape of the center of the capital. The source is 80 meters in diameter and two thousand nozzles of water. The main jet reaches 50 meters in height.
6. Ermida Dom Bosco
The Ermida Dom Bosco is a historical patrimony of Brasilia, and good history will not be lacking, the place is stage from the most beautiful point of view of the city by sun. On sunny days the idea is to "dive" into the lake and enjoy the holidays, days off. Lots of fun with friends in the right measure, the landscape provides spectacular photos, the whole atmosphere creates a fantastic harmony. Ask someone who attends the Ermida how it feels to spend a moment there. It's impossible not to want to go back.
7. Ponte JK
The Juscelino Kubitschek Bridge, also known as JK Bridge or Third Bridge, is located in Brasilia, connecting the Lago Sul, Paranoá and São Sebastião to the central part of Brasilia, through the Monumental Axis, crossing Lake Paranoá. Inaugurated on December 15, 2002, the structure of the bridge has a total crossing length of 1200 meters, width of 24 meters with two lanes, each with three rolling lanes, two catwalks on the sides for use by cyclists and pedestrians with 1 , 5 meters wide and total length of spans 720 meters.
Stay aware of the time diference, Brasília is locates at the - 3 fuse in relation to the Greenwich Meridian. Voltage: 220 V. Average annual temperature: 21º. Relative humidity: 7 to 70%. Code DD: 61.