La Plata is the capital city of the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
La Plata was planned and developed to serve as the provincial capital after the city of Buenos Aires was federalized in 1880, and it was officially founded by Governor Dardo Rocha on 19 November 1882. Its construction is fully documented in photographs by Tomás Bradley Sutton.
The city is home to two important football (soccer) teams: Estudiantes de La Plata, that plays in the first division, and Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata, which ascended back to first division in 2013.
Rocha decided to erect a new city to host the provincial government institutions and a university which had already been planned. Urban planner Pedro Benoit designed a city layout based on a rationalist conception of urban centers. The city has the shape of a square with a central park and two main diagonal avenues, north-south and east-west. In addition, there are numerous other shorter diagonals. This design is copied in a self-similar manner in small blocks of six by six blocks in length. Every six blocks, there is a small park or square. Other than the diagonals, all streets are on a rectangular grid, and are numbered consecutively. Thus, La Plata is nicknamed "la ciudad de las diagonales" ("city of diagonals"). It is also called "la ciudad de los tilos" ("city of (linden trees)") because of the large number of linden trees lining many streets and squares. The linden is one of a number of deciduous Northern Hemisphere tree species which dominate La Plata's parks and streets; ash, horsechestnut, plane, sweetgum and tulip tree are among the other examples. Palms and subtropical broadleaf evergreen trees thrive but are comparatively infrequent.
The city design and its buildings are said to possess a strong Freemason symbolism. This is said to be a consequence of both Rocha and Benoit being Freemasons.
The designs for the government buildings were chosen in an international architectural competition. Thus, the Governor Palace was designed by Italians, the City Hall by Germans, etc. Electric street lighting was installed in 1884, and was the first of its kind in Latin America.
The Teatro Argentino de La Plata is the second most important opera house in Argentina after the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires. The theatre was built on the square block between 9th.and 10th. Streets and 51st. and 53rd. Avenues. It was opened on November 19, 1890. It was designed by Leopoldo Rochi in Renaissance style. The work was paid by the first inhabitants of La Plata but, as maintenance was very expensive, it was donated to the Province of Buenos Aires. In the foyer, where you entered through majestic doors, there was a beautiful white Carrara marble staircase and in the concert hall there was a huge chandelier with trimmings suspending from the ceiling. The easy chairs were tapestried in blue velveteen and the Bordeaux curtain was embroidered in gold. It had marvelous acoustics. In those years, the students of the Verdi Conservatory of Music performed in the theatre their annual show of classical, Spanish and folklore dances with the teachers Carmen de Toledo, Mrs Schubert and Nelly Rossotti respectively. Surrounding the theatre was the "Peace Garden" with the flags and national flowers of several countries. People used to walk and children used to play along its stony paths. But fate decreed that it would not be saved from fire on October 18, 1977 at 2.30 p.m. And this has been the biggest and most unbelievable loss of our city's patrimony that people from La Plata still regret. It was replaced by a new building which houses the theatre's orchestra, choir and ballet, and has several halls.
The University of La Plata was founded in 1897 and nationalized in 1905. It is well known for its observatory and natural history museum. Ernesto Sabato graduated in Physics at this university; he went on to teach at the Sorbonne and the MIT before becoming a famed novelist. Doctor René Favaloro was another famous alumnus. During its early years, the university attracted a number of renowned intellectuals from the Spanish-speaking world, such as Dominican Pedro Henríquez Ureña.
La Plata is a planned city, urban planning paradigm of the late 19th century. It is also an example of "hygiene", which was becoming important in that time.
The trace of the city, designed by architect Pedro Benoit, characterized by a strict grid, and its many avenues and diagonals. The convergence of the two major diagonals, 73 and 74, which cross the city from east to west and from north to south, respectively, takes place in Plaza Moreno. This square, in whose center is the foundation stone, the heart of the city, is the main square of the city and it is between the City Hall and the cathedral located at 14 N ° 1943 between 51 and 53, High Gothic, with its towers 112 m high, could be completed only in 1999. Highlights of the city are the Museum of Natural Sciences, the building of the Interior, the Provincial Legislature, the new theater and the hippodrome. Many of these buildings were built at the time of the founding of the city, following an international call for proposals. They are often called "buildings erected" and most of them are on the shaft foundation, which blocks are located between 51st and 53rd streets.
Another work is the parent company of Banco de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, located between the streets 6, 7, 46 and 47. This building was designed by architects Juan A. Buschiazzo and Luis Viglione. It opened on 19 April 1886, being amended in 1913 and in the 1970s.
It is a very green city, with its largest so-called "Paseo del Bosque" (or simply 'the forest'), with its lake, amphitheater Martin Fierro, the Zoo and Botanical Garden Victorian astronomical observatory, and Natural History Museum, part of the UNLP, with its famous collections. Other attractions are the nearby Parque Pereyra Iraola great and so-called Republic of children in which it is said, he would have inspired Walt Disney to build Disneyland then, there are videos that prove that Disney, prior to building the park, visited the Republic Children's during his visit to Argentina.
Architecturally the neo-Gothic cathedral called La Colorada, the former central railway station, in 1977 the city lost due to a fire, one of its most valuable monuments: the Teatro Argentino de La Plata, predominantly neoclassic style. Instead they built a new brutalist style theater. The city also has the Estadio Ciudad de La Plata influenced by modern architecture High-tech architecture, through a national competition which was amended in a subsequent project to expand capacity and cover. Is anticipated that by mid-2010s concrete deck semitransaparente Kevlar and plastic resins (which is still in Customs).
If you are placed in a host family, meals will be provided by the family.
Otherwise, you will have at hospital at least one main meal per working day.
The Republic of Children also known as the City of Children, is a theme park located in La Plata Partido, Argentina. The theme park represents a city (proportionally sized for children) with all its institutions: parliament, government house, the courthouse, church, port, theater, airport, restaurants, hotels, etc.
The Republic of Children is built on a plot of 52 hectares. Within, children can explore the various geographic features, natural landscapes, countryside and city. It includes a complete city with all its institutions and centers. Buildings mimic various architectural styles, such as Moorish or neo-gothic.
The Municipal Bank is a copy of the Child Doge's Palace in Venice, while the Palace of Culture was inspired by the Taj Mahal in Agra; among the well-known halls in the latter building the Carlos Moneo Sáenz Doll Museum. The chapel has largeNorman-inspired flat roofs, balcony and bell towers. An aquarium is also housed at the park.
The park was designed both for children's recreation, and for their instruction in republican ethics. Around the Plaza de las Americas is the Legislature, inspired by the British Parliament, which houses the precincts of the Chamber of Deputies and Senators of the Government of the Children's Republic; this body is elected from groups of local students. Once a year on the anniversary of the founding of the Republic, members of the City Council of the City engage in a special session.
According to the official website of the Republic of Children, in 1950 Walt Disney visited the park and, surprised by the beauty, was inspired to build Disneyland.