elyabinsk is a city in Russia, located just to the east of the Ural Mountains, on Miass River. It is the administrative center of Chelyabinsk Oblast.This is a capital of the part of Russia that is called Southern Ural, located in Ural Mountains at the junction oftwo continents - Europe and Asia and at the border between Ural and Siberia.Chelyabinsk is a big transport hub (railways and roads, the Trans-Siberian Railway, Airport Chelyabinsk). A big industrial center with enterprises of metallurgy, machine building and metal, instrument, light and food industries.It has 5 universities and two academies. The city is divided into 7 districts.
Fortress Chelyaba, from which the city takes its name, was constructed on the site in 1736; the city was incorporated in 1781. Around 1900, it served as a center for the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway. According to official statistics the population on 1 January 1913 was 45,000 inhabitants.
After the Finnish Civil War 1918, and the following decades some 15000 "Red" Finns defected into Soviet Union. Most of them were transferred to Chelyabinsk via railway. In 1938, during the great purges, most of them were executed. Their massgrave is located near the Zolonyi Gora's former gold mine, and today bears a small memorial.
During the Soviet industrialization of the 1930s, Chelyabinsk experienced rapid growth. Several industrial establishments, including the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant and the Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant, were built at this time. During World War II, Joseph Stalin decided to move a large part of Soviet factory production to places out of the way of the advancing German armies in late 1941. This brought new industries and thousands of workers to Chelyabinsk—still essentially a small city. Several enormous facilities for the production of T-34 tanks and Katyusha rocket launchers existed in Chelyabinsk, which became known as "Tankograd" (Tank City). Chelyabinsk was essentially built from scratch during this time. A small town existed before this, signs of which can be found in the centre of the city.
The landscape of Chelyabinsk Region is very various from lowlands and hilly plain to mountains range the peaks of which are over 1000 m. high. There are a lot of caves here. The central part is a high hilly plain and eastern part is West-Siberian Lowland. And it can't but pay your attention to the water area of Region. There are more than 3 thousands beautiful lakes here. Without any doubt Chelyabinsk Region is a region of lakes. Because of that geographical fact it was called “Ural Switzerland” Here you can find “the younger brother” of Lake Baikal - Turgoyak. The lake was called so due to it's pure water. There are several lakes in the city :Smolino, the First and The Second, Sineglazovo and Shershnevskoe lakes. Also there are a lot of rivers here. One of them is Miass River on which Chelyabinsk stands. It flows from Urals finally into the Arctic Ocean. The Leningrad bridge connects the "Ural" and "Siberian" bank of. Miass, so it is called “a bridge from the Urals to Siberia “ It goes without saying that the landscape is fairy because of mountains, caves, beautiful lakes.
Nowadays Chelyabinsk is an industrial, cultural, scientific and historical center of the Chelyabinsk Region. For sure there are theaters, opera, balet, organ hall, cinemas, museums, picture gallery, circus, cafes, restaurants, nightclubs, etc. There are 18 higher educational institutions in the city and among them our medical university – South Ural State Medical University including Ural State Medical Academy of Additional Education.
South Ural State Medical University was founded in 1944. It is one of the leading higher educational institutions of Federal subordination in Russia. It implements multi-layer continuous training of specialists: preparatory training courses, training of medical specialists, post-diploma training, advanced qualification and physician re-training courses, certified specialists training, advanced courses for scientific investigators and teaching teachers. The Academy provides training in six main programs: General medical practice, Pediatrics, Stomatology, Disease prevention, Pharmaceutics and Nurses training. The Academy also implements post-diploma training that is internship in 21 specialties, Residency – in 45 specialties and advances qualification courses for physicians in 33 specialties.
Twenty four big hospitals in Chelyabinsk and the Chelyabinsk region act as teaching hospitals. Since 1992 the University has its own clinical hospital, which is integrated into the educational and scientific complex of the Medical University. This clinic has an out-patient department, diagnostic unit, in-patient department and 16 specialized centers, for example: perinatal, family planning, lipid, diabetic foot and others.
South Ural State Medical University is a co-founder of The South Ural Scientific center of Russian Academy of Medical sciences. The Research Institute of Immunology and Central Research Laboratory make their contribution to the development of medical science.
The main activities of University’s international cooperation include: participation in the WHO programs implementation, cooperation in the field of medical research and education. Scientists of the University have some experience in the work of joint projects and international programs with some European countries, the USA and Japan. The University staff participated in the partnership project with McGill University (Montreal, Canada) and Rochester University (the USA). There is an agreement with an American College to train nurses. Presently, we are actively developing cooperation with the Czech Republic educational institutions (Charles University, Prague, Masaryc University, Brno).
You can find some more information about South Ural State University at www. chelsma.ru (mostly in Russian)
There are two hospitals you will most probably attend. This are:
Chelyabinsk railway hospital
Back then The Railways was almost state inside the state. This is still partially true. They have their own hospitals, schools, resorts etc. Railway hospital serves predominantly personnel of the Russian Railroads (there is only one monopolistic state-run railway company). It serves any personnel - from janitors to logisticians.
Chelyabinsk regional clinical hospital
It serves the whole Chelyabinsk region (this administrative unit is called "Chelyabinsk oblast`"). Theoretically "whole region" includes the city itself too but statistically it resulted in predominance of patients from rural areas.
There is also a possibility you will be affiliated with the 1st municipal hospital which is located in the very centre of the city (it is more like historical centre now since actual city centre is shifting to the north-west). It serves people who are living in the certain area around it.
Research and research training activities at the South Ural State Medical University (SUSMU) are organized along the lines of the Divisions within each Department. Research activity follows the classic academic model insofar as it is driven by the initiatives of scholars and scientists in developing their own curiosity-driven or practice-based projects or working in collaboration with other research groups. Central Research Scientific Laboratory is University’s methodological center including several laboratories to carry out immunological and biochemical investigations.
SUSMU provides Research Exchanges for incoming students with scientific projects in the following fields:
Atypical small acinar proliferation of the prostate: Morphological characteristics, morphogenesis and nosological positions.
Study of relationship between changes in visual field according to standard automated perimetry and structure of optic nerve
- General Surgery, Podiatry
We provide students with one meal per day (from Monday to Friday) at the café "People" nearby the dormitory.
Besides, there are canteens in hospitals where you may have your lunch. There are no restrictions or special rules, it is just come&buy. There are no tons of cafés around the hospitals but just took a bus to the centre and ride few stops and you will find plenty of them. Speaking about networks the most abundant fast food in Chelyabinsk is SubWay. Closest to your dormitory is right next to the Academy and not so far from both Regional and Railway hospitals. There is McDonalds next to the 1st Municipal Hospital.It is relatively unlikely you will find cafe where vegetarian food is being served. You have to rely on your common sense when choosing food. In some cafes vegetarian dishes are marked in menu. Also there are few places where you can by some special vegetarian goods. For example one is located in the "Nikitinskiy" shopping centre (under Revolution square). Halal food is available. Check the pack for the word “
Theaters, opera, ballet, organ hall, cinemas, museums, picture gallery, circus, nightclubs are possible to visit all year for sure. The prices are much cheaper than in Moscow or St. Petersburg.
Chelyabinsk State Academic Drama Theater named after Naum Orlov
The official date of the theater foundation is 1921. The Drama Theater recieved all-Union recognition it the postwar years. Since 1973 the Drama Theatre had been headed by one of the most famous directors Naum Yuriecich Orlov, who opened a new bright page in the creative destiny of the theater. In 1986, the theater was awarded the honorary academic title. The Drama Theatre repertoire includes classic works of Russian and foreign dramatic art, as well as plays by modern authors.
Chelyabinsk State Academic Opera House named after M.I. Glinka
The erection of the theater was started in 1937. During the war years in the almost finished building there was quartered the Moscow plant «Caliber» producing the output for the front. Only in 1955 the building was handed over to the theater. Today the Opera house is one of the most important centers of spiritual life in the region. Over the years, the audience have been seeing dozenz of operas and ballets by Russian and foreign composers. The Opera House has toured extensively and is known not only in Russia but also abroad.
Chelyabinsk Regional Museum
It is one of the oldest museums in the region, has existed since 1923. The stock of the museum is more than 270 thousand items, many of the exhibits being of the all- Russia significance. The opening of a new building on the embankment of the Miass River took place in 2006. Wildlife of the Southern Urals, the distinctive culture of the region in the twentieth century present a rich exposition of the museum. The three- dimensional compositions help the viewer to be in an ancient settlement, a peasant hut, a merchant living room and even a noisy many- voiced fair.
Temple named after prince Alexander Nevsky
The church was built in 1910-1915 to the original drawnings made by the famous Russian architect, academician A. Pomerantsev. In July 1987, there sounded an organ made by masters of the firm «Ojle» of the GDR. Organist Vladimir Komjakov is also a custodian and organ tuner. Chelyabinsk became the birthplace and the venue of many festivals of the community of young Russian organists «New organ movement».
Saint Trinity Church
Kirovka- Chelyabinsk Arbat(walkstreet)
Pedestrian street in the city center, a symbol of Chelyabinsk. It`s favourite resting place for the inhabitants and visitors, Kirovka is one of the first streets of the city. It`s name before the revolution was Ufinskaya. The monuments of XIX-XX century architecture, unusual sculpters, «Chelyabinsk-City», «zero verst» and many other places of interest create a modern image of this street. One can visit here a lot of Shops, listen to the street musucians and entere restaurants and cafes.
«Sphere of Love»
The unusual sculpture- landcape composition located in the downtown. It is a traditional place for the wedding processions to make a stop. The newly married couples come here to listen a romantic music under the dome and again swear an oath of love and faith.
Y.A. Gagarin Park
A popular place for refreshment, sports and entertainment. The park is gradually runs into the pine forest. There are a few picturesque quarries among the pine trees and granite cliffs. The Children railway goes through the forest. The park is a great place for athletics. There is a skiing lodge, stadiums, «Forest Extreme Park», equestrian clubs and other sport facilities. There all kinds of entertainment.
Ice arena "Tractor"
It is the latest sports facility in Chelyabinsk. Its opening was held in 2009. The Ice "Palace" is the home arena for the hockey club «Tractor». This is a grand building calculated for 7,5 thousand spectacors. The interion decoration made in «Tractor`s» colors: white, black, yellow. Ice Palace of Sports «Ural Lightning» It`s a year-round sports comlex, which bears the name of siz times awarded Olympic champion born in Chelyabinsk Lydia Skoblikova. There takes place training and competitions in skating and figure skating, cirling, short track. In the building of the arena there is Russian`s only museum of speed- skating. The Ice arena is open for mass skating in the evening and weekends.
It has the unique location near the park named after Y. Gagarin with a beautiful decorated area and a large number of inhabitants of the animal world. Here yoy will see more than a hundred species of wild animals and birds, including polar bears, snow leopards, Amur tugers, chimpanzees, the far- Eastern leopard registered in the Red Book. In the Children`s contact Zoo one can play with pets, feed and stroke them.
National Park «Zyuratkul»
It is located in the Satka area, 180km from Chelyabinsk. It is surrounded by several mountain ranges. At the foot of the mountain Nurgus(located in the center of the park) there is the most hig- attitude lake of the European part of Russia- Zyuratkul. There are various hiking routes along then park, which are equipped with forest shelters( walking tours in taiga meadows and forests, mountains, excursions to the stone streams, pagan temples and prayer stones). The park is equipped with the unique tourist complex «Ekopark»: there are a few wooden ships in the water, and on the beach there is a fabulous museum with historical characters and piratical buildings.
National Park «Taganay»
It`s located near Zlatoust , 130 km from Chelyabinsk. In the park there are several mountain ranges- Taganay, Jurma, Itsyl. There are several rourist riutes along traditional, geological, zoological, ecological and recreation paths. It`s a unique climate there- a change of four season can happen in one day. There are most beautiful mountain landskapes, stone rivers and impenetrable forests.
Lake Turgoyak, Vera island
It is the deepest lake of the South Urals. It`s located close to Miass. It`s the pearl of the Urals, as its shore is very picturesque and the water is crystal- clear comparable to the Baikal. In the park there is a water park. Vera island is located near the western shore of the lake. When water decreases in the Turgiyak the island becomes a peninsula( the name of the island is connected with the history of Princess Vera, who not wanting to get married, founded a monastic hermitage). There are dozens of various historical monuments on the island- the dolmens( burial structures) and megaliths(constructions out of huge boulders). Ancient buildings are also under water: the divers found the pyramids, frames of boats and other human edifices.
Skiing resorts "Solnechnaya Dolina" (Sunny Valey)
Solnechnaya Dolina-Miass One of the most famous and closest (3 hours by bus) winter resort in Chelyabinsk Region. It has well-developed infrastructure. Total length of tracks is 7 km. Maximum height difference - 230 m. There are tracks for beginners, experienced skiers and snow-boarders. Productive system of spraying artificial snow guarantees snow cover 0,8-1 meter deep all the season(from November till the middle of April).
The most active Russian LC, not only with Exchanges, but with SCOPH/SCOME/SCORA projects as well!