Trujillo is a city in coastal northwestern Peru and the capital of La Libertad Region. It is the centre of the third most populous city of the country and the second most populous metropolitan area of Peru. It is located on the banks of the Moche River, near its mouth at the Pacific Ocean, in the Moche Valley. This was a site of the great prehistoric Moche and Chimu cultures before the Inca conquest and subsequent expansion.
The Independence of Trujillo from Spain was proclaimed in the Historic Centre of Trujillo on December 29, 1820, and the city was honored in 1822 by the congress of the republic with the title "Meritorious City and Faithful to the Fatherland", for its role in the fight for independence. Trujillo is the birthplace of Peru's judiciary, and it was twice designated as the capital of the country. It was the scene of the Revolution of Trujillo in 1932. Trujillo is considered the "cradle of liberty and cradle of the judiciary in Peru."
Trujillo is also known as the "Capital of the everlasting Spring", is considered the "Capital of the Marinera," a traditional dance in Peru, "Cradle of the typical Peruvian Paso Horse," as well as the "Capital of Culture of Peru". It has sponsored numerous national and international cultural events, and has a lively arts community. Current festivals include the "National Marinera Festival", the “Trujillo Spring Festival” and the “International Book Festival”, which is one of the most important cultural events in the country. For tourist, Trujillo offers very good places like restaurants and hotels, some of then run by Europeans such as Saint Etienne Hotel, Il Valentino Pizzeria, Metropolitan Restaurant, all of them are located in a reach zone: San Andres, this area is called the Miraflores of Trujillo because is reach, safety and it is located next to historical center of Trujillo. Other good places in the city are El Paisa, if you like marine food, “El Rincon de Vallejo” for typical food and B&B Orrego Hotel if one likes low prices and good quality.
Trujillo is close to two major archeological sites of pre-Columbian monuments: Chan Chan, the largest adobe city in the ancient world, designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986; and the temples of the Sun and Moon (the largest adobe pyramid in Peru).
The city center contains many examples of colonial and religious architecture, often incorporating distinctive wrought ironwork. It includes residential areas, a central business district, and industrial supply distribution to the various districts. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Trujillo has its seat here. Catholicism is the predominant religion and 10 colonial churches are located within the old city wall, now encircled by Avenida España; additional churches in the towns of Huaman, Huanchaco and Moche are located within 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) of Trujillo's centre.
Since 2011, the city has been developing the pilot project Trujillo: Sustainable City, as part of the platform, "Emerging and Sustainable Cities of the Inter-American Development Bank," in cooperation with the IDB. In 2012 Trujillo was selected by IBM to participate in a "Smarter Cities Challenge" project intended to improve public safety and transportation through technology.
The National University of Trujillo, whose Spanish acronym is UNT, is one of the best universities in Peru. It was founded during the Republican era by General Simón Bolívar and Don José Faustino Sánchez Carrión on May 10, 1824. It is the first republican university and the fourth oldest university in Peru.
From its classrooms exited the universal poet César Vallejo, the first political philosopher Antenor Orrego, Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, Eduardo González Viaña, Carlos Hugo Garrido Chalén, among others. UNT has approximately 13 056 students in 13 academic faculties, making it one of the largest universities in the country.
- Hospital Regional Docente de Trujillo (HRDT): Founded on May 29, 1963 by Dr. Guillermo Ganoza Ríos (first director), Dr. Heraclio Holguín Ríos and Dr. Rafael Donsi Rojas. It started to work on December 18, 1963. It was created at the request of doctors and students of the Faculty of Medicine of the UNT, who carried out the "March of the White Mandiles". This march arrived to the president of Peru, leaded by the president of the Center of Medical Students of that time, Aarón Lechtig, who achieved to sign a compromise letter for the creation of the hospital with the President. Now, it is a regional and macroregional reference hospital. According to the level of complexity HRDT is categorized as a Level III-1 hospital that provides services to patients of low and high complexity and serves the population with less economic resources and greater morbidity and mortality.
- Hospital Belén de Trujillo (HBT): Founded on May 11, 1551. HBT is the oldest hospital of the region, it is a specialized hospital teaching referential, categorized in level III-1, are committed to provide comprehensive care to the population, with solidarity and equity, articulated to the National Health System.
The host family will provide until 3 meals per day, but only 2 are mandatory. Also, there are many cheap food places near the hospital with a fare of $2.00 or S/6.00.
We will arrange accommodation for you with one host medical student. You will have until 3 meals per day, but only 2 are mandatory. One bed and a bathroom guaranteed (might be shared or not). You’ll also have a contact person, who will be with you during your exchange.
Public transport is handled by:
- Microbuses: They are the most common means of public transportation. The fare is between S/1.00 – S/2.00. You can take it to experience our daily routine.
- Taxis: It is another way to transport. You can take it through applications, they are safer and fast. It has different fares that depends of the distance. There is not taximetro.
CIUDAD DE CHAN CHAN / CHAN CHAN CITY
Chan Chan, the largest city of the pre-Columbian era in South America, is now an archaeological site in La Libertad Region 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) west of Trujillo, Peru. It is located in the mouth of the Moche Valley and was the capital of the historical empire of the Chimor from 900 to 1470, when they were defeated and incorporated into the Inca Empire. Chimor, a conquest state,developed from the Chimú culture which established itself along the Peruvian coast around 1400 AD. In the Chimú tongue, Chan Chan means "Sun Sun;" it was named for its sunny climate which is cooled year round by a southerly breeze.
More information: http://www.peru.travel/es-pe/donde-ir/la-libertad.aspx
PLAYA DE HUANCHACO / HUANCHACO BEACH
Huanchaco is a beachside town of Mochica origin and a popular vacation spot. It is the most visited beach of Trujillo in Peru. Situated 12 km northwest of the city in a bay, on a terrace at the foot of Campana mountain, Huanchaco is notable for its surf breaks and its caballitos de totora, and its ceviche. Huanchaco is near the ruin of Chan Chan. Huanchaco was approved as a World Surfing Reserve by the organization Save The Waves Coalition in 2012. This historic town is part of the tourist circuit called the "Moche Route" or "Ruta Moche". Today it is still a beautiful beach that, despite its modernity, still retains its old charm.
More information: http://huanchacoperu.com/