UDINEUdine is in the very north east corner on the Friuli region. It is located in the middle between the Adriatic Sea and the Alps. From here you can easily reach beautiful mountains as well as the seaside or the very romantic Venice. In about one our you can also visit Solvenia or Austria.
Udine counts 97'761 inhabitants.
The city is built ariund an anomalous 136m high hill, on top of which there is the beautiful Udine's Castle.
Located at the northeastern borders of the Italian Peninsula, this historical region is notable for being a crossroads of cultures and peoples, the only point in Europe in which the Latin culture met its Slavic and German counterparts. Inhabited since the Neolithic age, Friuli was invaded in the 4th century B.C. by Celtic populations who left traces of their passage in frequent votive inscriptions dedicated to the god Beleno, and in place names and the Friulian language.
Between the 3rd and the 2nd centuries B.C. the province was occupied by the Romans, marking its entrance into history.
At the fall of the Roman Empire (476), Friuli, after its invasion by the Ostrogoths, came under Byzantine and Lombard domination. It was in this context that Udine began to acquire importance following the decline of the other two centres in the region, Aquileia and Cividale. The first written records of the city date back to the 11th of June 983 when the Emperor Otto II confirmed his possession of the castle of Udene to the Patriarch of Aquileia. Since that time, Udine followed the fate of its territory: in 1077 it became part of the Patriarchal State of Friuli, and it was the Patriarch Bertoldo di Andechs (1218-1251) who favoured the development of Udine as a centre for trade and finance by creating a tax-free market there.
In 1420 Udine came under the domination of the Republic of Venice for a long period and came into conflict more than once with the Germanic emperors over the possession of the territory. On the 27th of February 1511, the city exploded into a violent civil war between families and feudal lords loyal to Venice and those siding with the Germans; the conflict soon spread beyond the city borders. The situation worsened when a few days later an earthquake shook the city and caused the collapse of medieval castle on the hill.
After the War of Gradisca (1615-1617), famines and epidemics of the plague broke out in Udine and the province, but within the next couple decades the situation improved and the city fully assumed the role of capital of the “Little Nation” of Friuli. At the beginning of the 1700s, the patriarch Dionisio Dolfin proceeded to remake his palace and opened the city’s first public library inside, where he had the reception halls frescoed by famous artists including Giambattista Tiepolo, who was called to Udine for various commissions.
The fall of the Republic of Venice in 1797 at the hands of Napoleon and the French provoked a period of instability at the end of which, in 1815, the province of Udine became part of the Lombard-Venetian Kingdom under the rule of the emperors of the House of Austria. In 1866, at the end of the unification campaigns, Udine was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy.
During World War I Udine became the seat of the supreme command of the war operation of the Italian army, until 1917 when it was occupied by enemy troops after the Battle of Caporetto. In the early post-war period the city became the capital of the large province that at the time also included the territories of Gorizia and Pordenone which only later gained their autonomy.
When World War II broke out Udine came under the direct administration of the 3rd Reich after the 8th of September 1943, and was occupied until April 1945.
Udine's Univeristy was founded in 1978 as part of the reconstruction plan of Friuli after the earthquaque in 1976. Its aim was to provide the Friulian community with an independent centre for advanced training in cultural and scientific studies and it is an important centre for the studies of Friulian language.
The department of Medicine was founded in 1986 by a nucleus of lecturers from Naples,
Sardinia and Trieste.
Nowadays it is devided into 8 departments:
- Department of Economics and Statistics (DIES)
- Department of Food, Environmental and Animal Sciences - (DI4A)
- Department of Languages and Literature, Communication, Education and Society - (DILL)
- Department of Law Sciences (DISG)
- Department of Humanistic Studies and Cultural Heritage - (DIUM)
- Department of Mathematics, Computer Science and Physics
- Department of Medicine
- Polytechnic Department of Engineering and Architecture - (DPIA)
The research project list is subjected to variations every year. We offer basic science projects
in the following areas:
• Molecular biology
We offer also a clinical project without lab work in Radiology techniques.
The closest airports are
• Venice (Marco Polo) – the biggest one between these 3
• Trieste (Ronchi dei Legionari) - a coach line connects the airport to Udine (for further
details look at the link)
http://www.aptgorizia.it/sez_aeroporto.php - APT coach line from the airport to Udine (at
the bottom of the webpage there’s the link to timetable - only Italian version available)
• Treviso (Canova) - once arrived you can choose between the bus line to Treviso centre and
the coach to Venice p.le Roma. However, then you have to take the train to Udine
- ATVO bus lines from the airport to the nearest train stations
Especially if you come from an extraeuropean State you will easily have to change plane or
stop in Rome or Milan
If you book in LARGE ADVANCE a train ticket from these our major town (Rome or Milan) you
could be lucky and pay for 10-20€ the trip from Rome or Milan to Venice
Our biggest train company
we suggest you for long trips (eg.Venice-Milan or Venice-Rome) to book in advance your
tickets, in this way you’ll probably get even reductions!! (you will travel with the train called
For the regular tracts or smaller trips (eg. Venice-Udine or Udine-Trieste) it is common to buy
the regular ticket, you will find it at the voice “passes” of the website, however this kind of
ticket has a specific price and for this reason you don’t need to book it in advice (the trains are
the regional ones)
TRAIN STRIKES in Italy are FREQUENT! Bother if you are planning a trip and want to
come back in time!
How to move in Udine
• Udine train station
Viale Europa Unita n°38
• Coach station
Viale Europa Unita n°37
Tickets office 0432/504012
• Bus station
Viale Europa Unita n°95
Tickets office 0432/508074
• Our Bus Companies website
• To move in Udine city and nearby
• To travel in Pordenone area
• To travel in Gorizia area
Once in Udine the first place to visit is definitely the castle. It is located on top of an artificial
hill and from its walls you can see the whole city and the mountains all around it.
Udine also has a few nice squares, such as Piazza Della Libertà, Piazza S. Giacomo, Piazza XX Settembre,
Piazza Venerio and many more, all of which are extremely unique both for their architecture and
HISTORICAL PLACES (near Udine):
Castello di Miramare: http://www.castello-miramare.it
Cividale del Friuli
- Parco di Tarvisio: http://www.tarvisiano.org/jsptarvisiano/c.jsp?n=266 (in Sella Nevea
there’s the Adventure Park: http://www.sellaneveaparco.it/)
- Parco delle Dolomiti Friulane: http://www.parcodolomitifriulane.it//ENG
- Laguna di Marano: http://www.turismofvg.it/Lagune/Laguna-di-Marano
ROLLERCOSTERS AND WATERPARKS:
- Gardaland: http://www.gardaland.it/resort/index-en.php
- Mirabilandia (Ravenna): http://www.mirabilandia.it/
- Aqualandia (Jesolo): http://www.aqualandia.it/en/
- Acquafollie (Caorle): http://www.aquafollie.it/en/
- Aquasplash (Lignano): http://www.aquasplash.it/mappa.htm
– Places of interest (in addition to the beach):
• Tendabar (it’s a little bit expensive): http://www.tendabar.it/
• Parco Zoo Punta Verde: http://www.parcozoopuntaverde.it/index.php?
• Kursaal (disco): http://www.kursaalclub.com/index.php
• Mocambo: free open air disco
• Mr. Charlie (disco): http://www.mrcharlie.net/
• BeFeD (brew pub – it’s present in many Italian cities): http://www.befed.it/
• Caorle: there’s a nice walk close to the beach
– Place of interest:
• Muretto (disco): http://www.ilmuretto.net/
• Vanilla Club (disco): http://www.vanilla.it/
• Caffè del mar (disco): http://www.caffedelmarjesolo.com/
• Capannina (music bar on the beach): http://www.capanninabeach.it/
• Aqualandia (see previous section)
• Minigolf camps (inside Aqualandia park or in Piazza Mazzini)
– Koco (disco): http://www.kococlub.it/
– Thermae: http://www.bibioneterme.it/
• Grado: the “friulan” Venice, a very nice balnear city in an island
Udine has some small but interesting museums. For example the city castle hosts an art and
architecture museum and all of the neighboring archeological cities (Aquileia, Cividale) have
interesting museums as well. Villa Manin, in the province of Udine, generally organizes some art
exhibitions during the year.
• If you arrive at Marco Polo airport in Venice the exchange desk is close to the baggage
• In the case you need an exchange desk in Udine, you can go to a bank or at the railway
station (Viale Europa Unita).
• In Italy the currency is EURO, which is also used in the majority of the nearby countries
(Austria, Slovenia, France, Germany, etc) but not in Switzerland and Croatia.
Other Useful Websites
• http://www.esteri.it/visti/home_eng.asp - Minister of Foreign Affairs (visa section)
• http://www.regione.fvg.it/inglese/default.htm - official site of FVG (English version),
“tourism” and “link” section could be very useful!!!!!
• http://www.comune.udine.it – city of Udine official website (unfortunately there isn’t so
much difference between the English version and the Italian one)