Parma is a city in the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna, in the middle of northern Italy, half-way between Milan and Bologna.
Parma is divided into two parts by the stream Parma, the district on the far side of the river is called Oltretorrente.
The city was founded by the romans but it was an Etruscan settlement, during the middle ages the city had an important role in the conflict between the Pope and the Emperor and was an almost independent and democratically ruled commune. During the renaissance Parma became the capital city of the small Duchy of Parma e Piacenza (1545-1859), and it was historically marked by Marie Louise of Austria, one of Napoleon’s wives.
Parma is world famous for its food, in particular Prosciutto di Parma (ham) and Parmesan Cheese and several stuffed pasta dishes such as “tortelli d’erbetta” and “Anolini in brodo”, it is the seat of EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) and has a big food-related tourism sector.
Parma is also famous for its artists such as Benedetto Antelami, Correggio, Parmigianino, Bodoni, Toscanini and the great composer Giuseppe Verdi.
The University of Parma, is one of the eldest universities in the world, known since the IX century. Parma is proud of its historical city center with monuments from roman age to liberty stile.
a) Use of glutamate transport as a mechanism to combat excitotoxicity in CNS cell models
b) Toxicity mechanisms of nanomaterials in epithelial cells and macrophages
c) Alterations of glutamine metabolism in human tumors
We are working on to get more Research Projects and labs.
Parma isn’t a very big city, so you can go around on foot or by bike. There are many bike routes and cycling through the city is totally safe and is very popular among parmesans and students.
Bus - Many buses serving the city center and the neighborhoods, you can basically go anywere in 15 minutes. There is a reduced evening bus service and but the
“Prontobus” service by night. This means that you can book it (unluckily they only speak Italian!) and they will come and pick you up to the closest bus stop from your place, it is not
there all night long and it is better to look for the schedule. There are also coaches to visit the small villages around Parma. The local bus company is called TEP
Taxi – Taxis are available 24/7 by calling a telephone number or you can check the website to find information about it.
Train - The train station is close to the city centre (about 10 minutes walking from the main square) and there are many trains connecting Parma with all Italy.
In about 2 hours you can reach Milan, Bologna in 1 hour, Florence in 3 hours, Rome in 6 and Naples in 8 hours. Ticket prices depend on the kind of train: fastest trains are more
expensive. It is better to buy your tickets in the train station and if it is a weekend it is better to book them some days before the departure.
Trains are safe, but it is not recommended to travel alone at night, but this depends on the train and on the stations. Trenitalia is the main train company.
Here in Parma there are many museums and Churches to sightsee. Main monuments: • Palazzo Vescovile (The Palace of the Bishop) • Duomo sec.XI (Dome) • Battistero (Baptister) • San Giovanni Evangelista sec.XII (Saint John Evangelist) • Chiesa della Steccata sec.XVI • Palazzo della Pilotta (Pilotta Palace) and Teatro Farnese (Farnese Theatre) sec.XVI • Municipio (City Hall) sec.XVII • Teatro Regio (Regio Theatre) sec.XIX • Chiesa dell'Annunciata • Certosa di Paradigna • Palazzo Ducale (Duke Palace) • Palazzo del Governatore (Governor’s Palace) • Ospedale Vecchio (Old Hospital) • Museo Italiano della Profumeria (Italian Museu of Perfumes)
Parma is a city with many opportunities to play sports. There are swimming pools, football fields, parks, baseball grounds and rugby fields. There are two parks where you can run and have picnics: Cittadella and Parco Ducale. In Cittadella you can also have a chip that registers your running performance as you run around the park so you can keep track of your speed. You can play football with the medical students or with other boys in the any football fields everywhere in the city. There is also the Stadio Tardini where Parma football team plays during the Italian Championship.
Every June there is the “Festival Poesia”, the festival of poetry with great artists and conferences in every part of the city. This is the web site:  In September there is the Festival del prosciutto di Parma and there are stands in the center of the city. This is the website: 
Markets & Shopping
In every Italian city there are usually markets every week. Here in Parma, there is a clothing market on Wednesdays and Saturdays morning in Via Toschi, and on Tuesdays there is also a market in front of the hospital’s main entrance. Every Saturday morning there is also a farmers’ market in Piazzale dell’Annunciata and in Via D’Azeglio. Every Thursday there is a second hand and flea market. Often one may find a market in the small streets in the city center where they sell hand made jewelry, clothes, and vintage accessories.
In Parma there is only one mall, Barilla Center, that has a cinema, some restaurants and shops. Here you can have a stroll and enjoy a coffee.
The city center is full of shops where you can find any kind of goods from books to clothes and jewelry. There are 2 pedestrians streets, Via Cavour and via Farini, and then there is Via Repubblica and Via D’Azeglio, two streets with many shops and supermarkets. In the city center many other small streets with shops, pubs, ice-cream shops and restaurants which await your discovery during your stay.