The earliest record of Surabaya was in a 1225 book written by Zhao Rugua, in which it was called Jung-ya-lu, the ancient name of Surabaya. In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, Surabaya was a sultanate and a major political and military power in eastern Java but then was captured by the fierce Sultanate of Mataram that control almost the whole Java island. In November 1743 the East Indies Companies took over Surabaya from weakened Mataram making it a major trading site and the largest naval base under the Dutch colonial government. The Dutch control the city of Surabaya until the insurgence of Japan in 1942. Japan surrender to the Allies because of the bombs encouraging the Indonesian nationalist to seize the city.
However, the young nation was soon put into conflict with the British, who were caretakers of the Dutch colony after the surrender of the Japanese. The Battle of Surabaya, one of the most important battles of the Indonesian revolution, started after the killing of the British Brigadier Mallaby on October 30, 1945 near Jembatan Merah (the "Red Bridge"), allegedly by a stray bullet. The Allies gave an ultimatum to the republicans inside the city to surrender, but they refused. The ensuing battle, which cost thousands of lives, took place on November 10, which Indonesians subsequently celebrate as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan). The incident of the red-white flag (the Dutch national red-white-and-blue flag at the top of Yamato Hotel's tower that was torn into the Indonesian red-white flag) by Bung Tomo is also recorded as a heroic feat during the struggle of this city.
The Goverment issued a decree about the establishment date of Surabaya, The decree set the date for May 31, 1293 as the date of the anniversary of the city of Surabaya. The date is determined on an agreement established by a group of historians that the name of Surabaya City Government is derived from the "Sura ing Bhaya 'meaning" courage to face danger, "is taken from the round defeat of the Mongol army led by Raden Wijaya Java forces on May 31, 1293.
Like many cities in Indonesia, Surabaya features a tropical wet and dry climate. The city’s wet season starts from November to June, while the dry season covers the remaining five months. The city has an average high and low temperatures that are very consistent throughout the course of the year, with an average high temperature of around 31 degrees Celsius and average low temperatures of around 26 degrees Celsius. What you need to know is Surabaya has a humidity level of 90% (most of the time) so even if the temperature is like summer months from your origin country, the humidity is something you should be prepared for. People here sweat almost throughout the day so you might need to bring antiperspirant or buy it here so you don’t sweat as much. Sun screen lotion is a must; bug-repellent is a recommendation; while rain coat or umbrella is optional.
Introduction to the City
As the main seaport and commercial center in the eastern region of Indonesia, Surabaya has become one of the largest cities in Southeast Asia. Today, Surabaya's population is around three million, and the surrounding sub-urban area houses at least 7 million. The areas surrounding Surabaya include: Lamongan to the northwest, Gresik to the west, Bangkalan to the northeast, Sidoarjo to the south, and Mojokerto and Jombang to the southwest. Gresik, Bangkalan, Mojokerto, Surabaya, Sidoarjo and Lamongan as an area is called as Gerbang kertosusila. Surabaya is a major shopping destination for Indonesians, with several large multi-level shopping malls and is the home to the Eastern Fleet, one of two fleets in the Indonesian Navy. Its strong maritime heritage is also reflected in the Submarine Monument, a retired Russian submarine.
On Wednesday, 10 June 2009 the Suramadu Bridge, between Surabaya and the island of Madura, was completed, and it is currently the longest bridge in the country. Madura can also be accessed by a ferry service that operates regularly from Surabaya's port, Tanjung Perak (which literally means: "Silver Cape" in Indonesian). In June 2011, Surabaya got the Adipura Kencana Award as number one among 20 cities in Indonesia. Surabaya today has some wide sidewalks and with many cleans and green parks.
Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga is one of the oldest and the most prestigious medical faculty in Indonesia. Our campus is proudly located in the heart of the vibrant Surabaya, which is the second largest city in Indonesia. Our school is located just next to dentistry faculty at Prof. Dr. Moestopo 47 Surabaya, the complex called Campus A. We have been applying PBL (Problem Based Learning) curriculum for learning model since year of 2000 and had been turned to a competency-based curriculum since 2005. Tropical Disease, Disaster Management and Research are three main interests of our school. We have 6 different education programs; they are Doctor Education, Midwifery Education, Physiotherapy, Radiology, Medical Analyst and Traditional Medicine.
You will be working in RSUD Dr. Soetomo (Dr. Soetomo General Hospital), which is the second largest state-owned hospital in the country and also the main referral hospital in the eastern region of Indonesia. The hospital has polyclinics, surgery center building and a diagnostic center building. There will be countless diseases that are being treated here ranging from the common tropical disease (which is one of our specialties) until the most complicated and chronic diseases you can find every disease you can imagine here. As for the surgical department we also have the most advanced equipment with the most skillful doctors, even people from medical school all around Indonesia would be lucky to be placed in any surgical departments here. The hospital is officially functional since the year of 2010 and became the first teaching hospital owned by the university in Indonesia, but until right now all the teaching activities still take place in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital. Our university also has Tropical Disease and Infection Hospital next to the teaching hospital, and the Tropical Disease Institute.
We provide you with the largest selection of departments you can choose as a promising exchange.
The city is served by Juanda International Airport. For trains, the city has several stations. They are Surabaya Kota (better known as Semut), Pasar Turi, and Gubeng. The main bus terminal is Purabaya (also known as Bungurasih, the area where it is located).
For transportation in the city, you can take becak (tricycle), bemo (like Tuk-Tuk in Thailand), or just cab. The cab fare is cheap, and the traffic in Surabaya is not that crowded, so it’s most comfortable to take the cab. The price for Bemo is only 3000 rupiah but it’s not comfortable because they don’t have an air conditioning in the car, and for becak it depends on the distance you want to travel, but usually the becak driver set the price high for the tourist, so you have to bargain to get the price you want!
1. Ampel (Arabic Town)
Ampel is a famous destination for religion and culinary tourism. It has a mosque which called Masjid Sunan Ampel, and tombs- including Sunan Ampel’s Tomb. Ampel is also known as Arab quarter or Kampung Arab, because the largest population of the people who live
in this area is Arabians. Here, we can see the unique arabic’s house which covered with curtain made from bamboo and the architecture at this area majority is colonial architecture.
2. Pakuwon Food Festival
This is the heaven on earth for the food lovers. In this place you can find any kind of Indonesian Foods, especially Surabaya’s own cuisine. This place opens from evening till midnite. This place also has many kind of entertainment such as bumper car, becak (Indonesian Style Tricycle), and many more.
3. Mirota Batik
Mirota is one of the largest souvenirs and batik shop in Surabaya. The price is affordable and it is more comfortable than to shop in traditional market. Located in Sulawesi Street no. 24, which is still in the heart of Surabaya and quite near from the Dr. Soetomo General Hospital.
4. House of Sampoerna
Located in ‘old Surabaya’, this stately dutch colonial style compound was built in 1858 and is now a preserved historical site.used as an orphanage manage by the Dutch, then it was purchased in 1932 by Liem Seeng Tee, the
founder of Sampoerna, with the intent of it being used as Sampoerna’s first major cigarette production facility. You can see the workers making a hand-made cigarette if you come to this place during the morning to afternoon, and it also has the bus facility that can take you on a tour around Surabaya.
5. Submarine Monument (Monumen Kapal Selam)
This full-scale submarine monument was built in 1995 as a tribute to the nation’s maritime legacy. Known locally as MonKaSel. The submarine has 7 chambers, including 2 torpedo bays; two engine rooms, two lounges, and the command centre. This submarine monument is open for tours throughout the week.
6. Tugu Pahlawan
The Heroes Monument is dedicated to the fallen heroes of Surabaya during the independence war of 1945-1949. Although there are many military statues in and around Surabaya, The Tugu Pahlawan is certainly the most imposing. The monument stands majestically in Taman Kebonrojo in Central Surabaya.
7. Al-Akbar Mosque
Al-Akbar Mosque was built on land covering 11,2 hectares, constitutes of 25.509 sqm building with the capacity of 28.209 sqm. This mosque was projected to embodied concept of mosque in a universal meaning, as islamic center for multidimensional roles with religious, cultural, educative mission, including religion attraction to develop Islam world. This mosque is another landmark of Surabaya and symbolically enriching the Moslem world and to beautify Surabaya image for foreign countries. This mosque also has a tower which you can go to and see Surabaya's view from high-heights! Beautiful!