Founded in 1565 by the Portuguese, the city was initially the seat of the Captaincy of Rio de Janeiro, a domain of the Portuguese Empire. Later, in 1763, it became the capital of the State of Brazil, a state of the Portuguese Empire. In 1808, when thePortuguese Royal Court transferred itself from Portugal to Brazil, Rio de Janeiro became the chosen seat of the court of QueenMaria I of Portugal, who subsequently, in 1815, under the leadership of her son, the Prince Regent, and future King João VI of Portugal, raised Brazil to the dignity of a kingdom, within the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and Algarves. Rio stayed the capital of the pluricontinental Lusitanian monarchy until 1822, when the War of Brazilian Independence began. This is one of the few instances in history that the capital of a colonising country officially shifted to a city in one of its colonies. Rio de Janeiro subsequently served as the capital of the independent monarchy, the Empire of Brazil, until 1889, and then the capital of a republican Brazil until 1960 when the capital was transferred to Brasília.
Rio de Janeiro has the second largest municipal GDP in the country, and 30th largest in the world in 2008, estimated at aboutR$343 billion (IBGE, 2008) (nearly US$201 billion). It is headquarters to Brazilian oil, mining, and telecommunications companies, including two of the country's major corporations—Petrobras and Vale—and Latin America's largest telemedia conglomerate,Grupo Globo. The home of many universities and institutes, it is the second-largest center of research and development in Brazil, accounting for 17% of national scientific output according to 2005 data.
Rio de Janeiro is one of the most visited cities in the Southern Hemisphere and is known for its natural settings, Carnival, samba,bossa nova, and balneariobeaches such as Barra da Tijuca, Copacabana, Ipanema, and Leblon. In addition to the beaches, some of the most famous landmarks include the giant statue of Christ the Redeemer atop Corcovado mountain, named one of theNew Seven Wonders of the World; Sugarloaf Mountain with its cable car; theSambódromo (Sambadrome), a permanent grandstand-lined parade avenue which is used during Carnival; and Maracanã Stadium, one of the world's largest football stadiums.
Rio de Janeiro will host the 2016 Summer Olympics and the 2016 Summer Paralympics—the first time a South American andPortuguese-speaking nation will host these events, and the third time the Olympics will be held in a Southern Hemisphere city.The Maracanã Stadium held the finals of the 1950 and 2014 FIFA World Cups, the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, and the XV Pan American Games including its opening and closing ceremonies. Rio de Janeiro also hostedWorld Youth Day in 2013.
The Faculty of Medicine of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro was created by Prince Regent John, by Royal Charter, signed on November 5, 1808, with the name of Anatomy School of Medicine and Surgery and installed on Hill Military Hospital Castle. Until then the colonial philosophy difficult higher education in Brazil, considering it a threat to cut interests.
Doctors in colonia restricted to a few Brazilian graduates in Europe and the European rare coming here to practice their profession.
On April 1, 1813, by project Manuel Luis Alvares de Carvalho, it was founded the Medical-Surgical Academy in Rio de Janeiro. Even after created the Academy, only on September 29, 1826, by Dom Pedro I of Decree-law, the issue was authorized diplomas and certificates to doctors who did the course in Brazil.
On October 3, 1832, during the regency Trina, it was sanctioned the law that transformed the Medical-Surgical Academies of Rio de Janeiro and Salvador in schools or medical schools.
Dom Pedro I is the hands of the director of the School of Medicine, Dr. Vicente Navarro de Andrade (Baron Inhomirim) Decree-Law authorizing Brazilian schools to train surgeons and doctors, as well as dispatching diplomas and certificates.
In 1856, the Faculty of Medicine was transferred to the building of the Gathering of Orphans, at Rua Santa Luzia, next to the Santa Casa de Misericordia.
On 12 October 1918, it opened its own building in Red Beach. After the change, the building of the Gathering of Orphans, which housed for nearly a century, came to be called Anatomic Institute, where some disciplines of medical school functioned until the 60's.
The School of Medicine worked as isolated school until September 7, 1920, when it was created, by decree, the University of Rio de Janeiro. In 1937, with the creation of the University of Brazil, will be called National Medical College.
In 1965, the University of Brazil was renamed Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) and in 1973 was determined to transfer the School of Medicine, also located in Praia Vermelha, to the campus of University City, on the island of Fundão, is currently.
The Faculty of Medicine, under the University Reform Law, was divided into several locations. The office of direction is located in Block K of the Health Science Center Building (CCS), in University City.
In 1975 the building of the National Medical School, opened in 1918, was demolished by the will power of the military regime (Government Medici).
On March 1, 1978, opened the University Hospital Clementino Fraga Filho (HUCFF), where they went transferred most disciplines Clinical and Surgical linked to the Faculty. Some still remain divided between HUCFF and their home offices, as the Institute of Pediatrics and Child Care Martagão Gesteira (IPPMG), the Institute of Neurology Deolindo Couto (INDC), the Institute of Psychiatry (IPUB), the Maternity Hospital, the Institute Gynecology and Institute of Phlebology and Pneumology - current Institute of Chest Diseases (RTD).
The host student or family will provide at least two meals per day.
The incomings are alocate in family houses where students share a house and create a family bound. They will have their own bed and will be provided with one bathroom that can be shared or not, and internet acess, on the house or on the college.
Get in- By plane
Galeão - Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport (IATA: GIG, ICAO: SBGL, Tel: +55 21 3398-5050, fax 3393-2288) is still better known by its old name Galeão International Airport and is situated 20 km (12 mi) north of the city centre.
International connections to and from GIG include flights to Europe
- Lisbon twice a day by TAP
- Porto on Fridays and Sundays by TAP
- Madrid daily by Iberia
- Paris twice daily by Air France
- Rome five times a week by Alitalia
- Frankfurt daily by Lufthansa
- Amsterdam daily by KLM
- London daily by British Airways
to Africa and the Middle East
- Addis Ababa via Lome by Ethiopian
- Luanda four times a week by Taag
- Dubai hub daily non-stop by Emirates
as well as to North America
- New York by American Airlines and TAM Airlines
- Charlotte by US Airways
- Atlanta by Delta Airlines
- Dallas by American Airlines
- Houston by United Airlines,
- Miami by American Airlines and TAM Airlines
- Toronto by Air Canada
- Mexico City by Aeromexico
Within Central and South America there are connections by a number of carriers (including Avianca, Copa Airlines, TAM, Gol, LAN, TAM Mercosul, Emirates, Pluna and Aerolineas Argentinas) to
- Argentina: Buenos Aires, Cordoba
- Venezuela: Caracas
- Paraguay: Asuncion
- Uruguay: Montevideo
- Chile: Santiago
- Colombia: Bogotá
- Peru: Lima
- Panama: Panama City,
While you can sometimes zoom through Immigration and Customs, be prepared for a long wait. Brazilians travel with lots of baggage and long queues can form at Customs, which are usually understaffed.
The Tourist Information desk is by the Customs exit in the International Arrivals area of the airport. As you come out of the Customs hall, take a sharp right turn and you will see it. It is pretty much next to the doors.
ATMs are available on the 2nd floor; read notes below regarding ATMs. Money exchange facilities are limited and high commissions are charged. Slightly better rates can be obtained, illegally, at the taxi booths but they may want you to use their cabs before exchanging money for you. In any event, don´t exchange more than you have to as much better rates are available downtown.
To leave the aiport, there are four options: Premium buses, the BRT Transcarioca buses, taxis or some kind of transfer.
The Premium buses are four bus lines operated by Real ,that depart from right outside the arrival section of Galeão. The buses are air-conditioned and comfy, with ample luggage space. They run roughly every 30 minutes from 05:30 to 22:00.
- 2018 Aeroporto Internacional do RJ/Alvorada (Via Orla da Zona Sul) runs from Galeão via the main bus terminal Rodoviario Novo Rio, theCarioca metro station and Santos Dumont Airport further along the beachfront of Botafogo, Copacabana, Ipanema and Leblon, and has its terminus at the Alvorada terminal near Barra Shopping in Barra da Tijuca. The full run takes at least 60 minutes, often double that. Tickets are R$ 16.00 (June 2016).
- 2918 Aeroporto Internacional do RJ/Alvorada (Via Linha Amarela) runs from Galeão airport along the Linha Amarela to the Alvorada bus terminal, via Jacarapaguá (the best spot for taxis) in as little as 35 minutes, traffic allowing. R$ 13.50 (May 2014).
- 2145 Aeroporto Internacional do RJ/Aeroporto Santos Dumont (Via Seletiva da Av. Brasil/Av. Pres. Vargas) runs from Galeão via the main bus terminal Rodoviario Novo Rio to Santos Dumont Airport. Tickets are R$ 12 (May 2014).
- 2101 Aeroporto Internacional do RJ/Aeroporto Santos Dumont (Via Linha Vermelha e Perimetral), same as above, along a slightly different route.
There are luggage storage area on all the above Express, A/C buses. Fare will be displayed on the front of the bus and is paid to the driver. Ensure you have change; they don't like changing anything above R$20! Along the bus' route you can get off wherever you ask. For the trip from the city to the airport, the buses can be boarded in front of the major hotels or simply flagged down along their route (wave vividly).
BRT Transcarioca buses
The BRT system Transcarioca, also called Expresso Alvorado-Galeão is a 24/7 service of fast buses on segregated lanes, inaugurated in June of 2014. The buses have AC and space for luggage and go  from both Galeão terminals (arrivals level) with just one intermediate stop at Vicente de Carvalho (connection to Metrô) to the large Alvorada Bus Terminal in the neighborhood of Barra da Tijuca, 18 km west of Leblon. Tickets must be bought in the cashier inside the airport and are R$ 3.00. The ticket is an RFID public transport card called Bilhete Único Carioca, a pre-paid card that you can recharge later and that will give you access to the metro and buses.
The taxi trip into the city centre is rather long and some taxi drivers try to take advantage of foreign tourists that are not familiar with the pricing and options of the local transportation. Scams happen more often outbound to the City and during high tourism periods such as New Years and Carnaval (mid to late February). Options from the airport include both yellow taxis and radio taxis.
If you are keen to use a radio taxi (prices as of Nov 13: Galeão - Copacabana/Ipanema/Leblon R$99, haggling possible), it is advisable to organize them through the attendants at one of the booths which you will come across immediately upon exiting the customs clearance area. When you walk outside, a wide variety of people will begin aggressively offering taxi services. It's best to decline all offers along the way and walk towards the street, where taxis are lined up along the entire stretch usually grouped together with their own service. Most of the taxis are radio taxis (various colors) but there is usually also a queue of yellow taxis. At this point, you can select which option or service you prefer and walk up to them to take the next in line. During busy times, there may be a queue at these points to wait in.
If you want to take a Yellow cab and want to avoid the touts and scammers, do not exit from the first floor (arrivals), but go down to the departures floor ("embarque"). When you walk outside there, ignore the parked taxi drivers yelling, “TAXI, TAXI, TAXI” as they often charge double the regular metered price. Turn to one side and walk some 30 meters on the sidewalk to get away from them. On the street in front of you there will be many of the standard yellow taxis dropping off passengers at the airport, or driving slowly and looking for a passenger. It’s easy to flag them down because they’re looking for you, hoping they can get a fare to go back to Zona Sul instead of going back with an empty taxi. You’re helping them out, and they tend to be of the happier, non-airport dwelling variety of taxi driver. Prices by meter (as of 2014) go as R$ 58 to Ipanema (26 min), R$ 63 to Copacabana (28 min), R$ 68 to Jardim Botanico (31 min), but may go up by R$10 or more if you get stuck in a traffic jam. From Monday to Friday from 07:00 until midday there is often traffic congestion in the lanes from the airport to the city center so that rides leaving the Galeão airport should be expected to last at least over one hour, sometimes well over. Consider using Google Maps to check the expected traffic by the time you will be leaving the airport.
Pre-booked Airport Transfer
It is possible to pre-book airport transfers and a variety of different online companies, such as Rio Airport Transfer and LingoTaxi South America, allow you to book and pay before you leave home. Prices are usually similar to those of Radio taxis.
Santos Dumont Airport IATA: SDU, ICAO: SBRJ), Tel. +55 21-3814-7070, fax. 2533-2218) is located right next to the city centre, by the Guanabara bay. Several airlines, including GOL , TAM, Webjet, Azul and Avianca offer flights mostly to and from Brazil's largest cities such as
- São Paulo
- Belo Horizonte
- Porto Alegre
- Salvador da Bahia
Don't rush off without taking a look inside the original terminal building - a fine example of Brazilian modernist architecture.
The Premium bus services described above in the section of the International Airport also serve SDU.
Rio's glorious Central Station, or Central do Brasil, made famous by a movie of the same name, serves mostly local commuter lines (SuperVia), so it's unlikely that you'll arrive through here. It's worth a visit just to see it, though, you can get there either by bus or subway (subway is better; get off on Central station, line 1).
The long-distance bus depot, Rodoviária Novo Rio, is in the North Zone's Santo Cristo neighborhood. Taxis and coach buses can get you to the South Zone in about fifteen minutes; local buses take a bit longer. Frescão air-conditioned coaches can be found just outside the bus station. The coaches connect the station to the city centre and main hotel areas of Copacabana and Ipanema. Bus companies include Itapemirim , Penha, Cometa, 1001, and Expresso Brasileiro.
Several companies offer bus passes from Rio to the rest of the country. The Green Toad Bus also offer bus tickets online for buses from Rio de Janeiro toIlha Grande, Paraty, São Paulo, Florianopolis, Campo Grande, Foz do Iguacu and some other destinations in Brazil. They have bus passes to take you to other countries as well.
Rio is connected by many roads to neighboring cities and states, but access can be confusing as there are few traffic signs or indications of how to get downtown.
The main interstate highways passing through Rio are:
- BR-116, which connects the city to the southern region of Brazil. Also known as Rodovia Presidente Dutra
- BR-101, which leads to the north and northwest, and
- BR-040, which will take you in the central and western areas.
Ferries (barcas) connect neighbouring Niteroi to Rio de Janeiro and arrive at Praça XV, in the city centre.
International Charter Group: Yacht charter and sailing, one of the worlds largest yacht charter companies, can take care of all charter requirements, from bareboat to crewed in Rio de Janeiro. Operating from nine offices worldwide (USA, Spain, UK, Germany, Italy, France, Spain, Switzerland, Caribbean, Honk Kong and Dubai).
Even the most seasoned tourist will find the beaches here quite amazing. They are wide and clean, with soft white sand. The main beaches from Leme to Barra have plenty of services for the beach goers, including free showers at the beach, wet trails to walk on cool sand, clean pay toilets, life-savers and police, tents and chairs for rent, soft drinks and alcoholic bars, food.
The beaches are from East to West (Downtown outwards):
- Ramos (in-bay) - inappropriate for bathing
- Flamengo (in-bay) - usually inappropriate for bathing
- Botafogo (in-bay) - inappropriate for bathing
- Urca (in-bay) - usually inappropriate for bathing
- Vermelha (oceanic) - Mostly appropriate for bathing
- Leme (oceanic)
- Copacabana (oceanic)
- Arpoador (oceanic)
- Ipanema (oceanic)
- Leblon (oceanic)
- São Conrado (oceanic) - sometimes inappropriate for bathing
- Barra da Tijuca (oceanic)
- Recreio dos Bandeirantes (oceanic)
- Grumari (oceanic)
- Abricó (oceanic, nudist beach)
Abricó is the only official nudist beach in the area of Rio de Janeiro, it lies next to Grumari beach. Only accessible by car/taxi. An option is taking the bus numbered S-20 (Recreio) that passes along Copacabana/Ipanema/Leblon, and from the end of the line (ponto final) take a cab, for a travel time of almost 2 hours.
It is also worth visiting the beaches in the island Paquetá, particularly:
- Praia da Moreninha (on the Guanabara Bay, but often not clean enough for swimming)
Cariocas have a unique beach culture, with a code of customs which outlanders (even Brazilians from other cities) can misconstrue easily. Despite what many foreigners may believe, there are no topless beaches. Girls can wear tiny string bikinis (fio dental), but it doesn't mean they're exhibitionists. For most of them, it's highly offensive to stare. Until the 1990s, men and boys worespeedos, then wearing bermuda shorts or trunks became more common. Speedos ("sungas" in Portuguese) and square leg suits are now making a comeback. Jammers are less common but still accepted.
Waves in Rio vary from tiny and calm in the Guanabara bay beaches (Paquetá, Ramos, Flamengo, Botafogo, Urca) to high, surf-ideal waves in Recreio. In Leme, Copacabana, Arpoador, Ipanema, and Leblon, there's a popular way of "riding" the waves called pegar jacaré (pe-GAHR zha-kah-REH; literally, "to grab an alligator"). You wait for the wave to come behind you then swim on top of it until it crumbles next to the sand.
Commerce is common in Rio's beaches, with thousands of walking vendors selling everything from sun glasses or bikinis to fried shrimp to cooling beverages (try mate com limão, a local ice tea mixed with lemonade, or suco de laranja com cenoura, orange and carrot juice). For food, there is also empada (baked flour pastry filled with meat or cheese), sanduíche natural (cool sandwich with vegetables and mayo) and middle eastern food (Kibbehs and pastries). Vendors typically shout out loud what they're selling, but they won't usually bother you unless you call them. All along the beaches there are also permanent vendors who will sell you a beer and also rent you a beach chair and an umbrella for a few Reais.
The beaches in Barra and Recreio (Quebra-Mar, Pepê, Pontal, Prainha) were favored by surfers and hang-gliders until the 1980s, but now they are outnumbered by the middle-class and nouveau riche from the suburbs and also West Zone favela residents, such as now world-famous Cidade de Deus (City of God, made famous in the eponymous film).
Viewing Rio from top of the 710 m high Corcovado (meaning hunchback) hill with its landmark statue of Cristo Redentor (Christ the Redeemer) is most impressive and a truly breathtaking experience. There are superb views of the Zona Sul (Copacabana, Ipanema, Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas and Botanical Garden) and inland to the Maracana stadium.
Pedro II ordered the construction of the railroad to Corcovado and, in 1885, a steam train brought the first visitors up the steep mountainside. Some 50 years later, the elegant art deco statue of Cristo Redentor was assembled on site and opened on October 12, 1931. Ever since, Cristo Redentor on top of Corcovado hill is Rios ultimate symbol, receiving over one million visitors a year.
Before going, check the weather, because sometimes the clouds envelop the peak, some days throughout the day and more often in the late afternoon. On the other hand, afternoons usually have less haze and no backlight when taking pictures in the direction of Pão de Açúcar. At dusk, enjoy watching as the city lights come on and the statue is bathed in golden lights. When there are low clouds, consider going to the Dona Marta lookout by taxi. At 340m the view is not bad either and there are no crowds.
The trip atop Corcovado starts at the base of the Corcovado train in Cosme Velho, Rua Cosme Velho 513. Get here by taxi or take the Metro-Onibus Expresso combination 580 (see above) from Largo do Machado or bus lines 570, 583 and 584 from Leblon, Ipanema or Copacabana. From Downtown, take the lines 180, 422, 497 and 498. After reaching Cosme Velho, there are shuttle van to bring you up to the entrance. The shuttle van costs R$25 return (2015 Feb).
The most popular way of reaching the top is the funicular train, ascending 20 minutes long through lush vegetation. It operates 365d/a 08h00 - 19h00 every 30 minutes. A round trip ticket is R$51 (students from Brazil and the elderly pay 50% but are usually requested to prove showing some ID or document). You can purchase tickets at numerous lotto kiosks and post offices throughout the city or online with the option (R$5) to reserve a seat for any time between 09h00 and 18h00. The queue for the train, in Cosme Velho, can get rather long. Try going when the morning coach parties have already passed through (and many tourists are having their lunch) or in the afternoon.
Tijuca National Park offers a safe service by Minibus. These can be boarded in Praça do Lido, Copacabana (R$41/R$51 depending on season), Largo do Machado, Flamengo (R$41/R$51) or Estradas das Paineiras, next to the former Hotel Paineiras (R$22/R$32). Tickets can be bought at each of these locations. Prices (as of July 2014) include nonstop van transfer, access to Christ the Redeemer Monument and return trip. Note that the return trip will be to your point of origin; you cannot for instance depart from Praça do Lido and then return to Largo do Machado.
If you opt for a taxi to go atop, expect to pay R$20 round-trip to enter the park, then another R$18 or so for the shuttle up to the monument. Along the way, views onto the city are better than from the funicular.
There's also a hiking trail that begins at Parque Lage and gets atop (see Hiking and Trekking on the 'Do' section below). Alternatively, you can hike but the last 3km from the funicular station Paineras on a picturesque trail that passes by several waterfalls and the Dona Marta lookout.
Pão de Açúcar
The Sugar Loaf mountain with its smaller companion, Morro da Urca, is another Rio top landmark. Going atop is one of the most popular activities in Rio and a definite must-do. Several vantage points offer magnificent views of the bay, the city center and west to the famous beaches and beyond, so that you will get a good idea of the layout of the Marvelous city. Do not make the mistake of thinking you have seen enough once you have seen the view from Corcovado. Try Sugar Loaf at sunset for a truly mind-blowing experience.
The huge vaulted twin peaks of Morro da Urca and Pão de Açúcar are a natural monument, made mostly of 600 million years old granite. The massif is endowed with lush vegetation, a remnant of the forest that once covered all of the bay area. The lucky ones can see toucans, parrots, monkeys and butterflies flitting through the trees.
Access is by means of an aerial cable car offering magnificent views. Built in 1912, the so-calledBondinho was one of the first cable cars of this type in the world. The Bondinho is used by 2000 people every day and has two sections: the first going to Morro da Urca (220 m high), the second atop Sugar Loaf (396 m). On top, there is well-developed infrastructure like cafes, restaurants, shops, a cinema and even a helipad.
Take bus 107, 511, 512, or the subway bus 513 from Botafogo to the cable car's base station, the only point to purchase tickets. They are R$62 (50% discount available for elderly citizens, persons with special needs, students, persons in the age group 6-21 years); since December 2013 there are no ticket variants any more, like single, return, first section only, etc.. The gondolas, accommodating 64 passengers each, are in service between 08h10 and 20h00 (way down until 20h40 and free from 19h00) .
At the southern foot of Pão de Açúcar is a safe walking trail, the Pista Claudio Coutinho. There, you can stroll along the Atlantic shore or take an unsigned turnoff uphill to the middle station on Morro Urca. The trail starts on the northern end of Praia Vermelha and is open daily 08h00 to 18h00 for free.
Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas
The Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas is large lagoon in the middle of South Zone, with great views to Corcovado and Ipanema and Leblon beaches; you can jog or cycle all the way round; there are skating areas and you can hire little peddle-operated boats.
The Maracana Stadium is the largest football stadium in South America and once the largest on Earth. It has recently been renovated for the 2014 World Cup. Inside is the Soccer Museum.
Arpoador, Barrio Arpoador 22080-050. beach offers without any doubt one of the most beautiful sunset views in Rio and it's the last place on the beach where the sun's rays emerge, before disappearing into the ocean between the Morro Dois Irmãos two twin cones. Consider the view from the top of the rocky point or terrace Arpoador Inn.
Jardim Botânico. Open 8am-5pm daily. This well kept, magnificent and very lush botanical garden  is both a park and a scientific laboratory. Situated east of the lagoon it is one of the most beautiful parks in Rio. With an area of about 137 football fields, it's worth spending a few hours in the haven of sunny beaches, with shady avenues, fountains, statues and ornamental ponds. Emperor John VI founded the Botanical Garden in 1808 as a nursery for herbs, teas and spices imported from Asia, exclusively for the royal family. In 1822 the garden was opened to the public, with the addition of ponds and scenic trails and the introduction of a wide range of plants. Today is one of the most important botanical gardens in the world, with 8000 species of plants growing in their natural habitats and in greenhouses. Highlights include orchids, bromeliads, ferns, splendid forests of giant bamboo, a collection of medicinal plants, stunning trees which red flowers perched on the same tree and giant cacti. Colorful parrots, hummingbirds, butterflies and monkeys live in the vegetation. A good place to start your visit is the Grotto Kar Glasl, where you see the giant water lilies in the pond adjacent and can see the statue of Christ the Redeemer in the distance. Best-known is the Avenida das Palmas Imperiais, a long central avenue shaded by 200 imperial palms, huge trees descended from a single planted in early nineteenth century. They retain some of the original buildings of the garden, the Interpretive Center is located in an old sugar mill. There is also a Japanese Garden and two restaurants with terraces that allow to prolong your visit. Not far from the cafe, you may hear swooshing sounds - look up and you can see small monkeys swinging from tree to tree. If you take the bus, note that Jardim Botanico is also the name of a neighborhood, so make sure you get off at the right spot for the entrance. Admission is R$6.
Instituto Moreira Salles
- Instituto Moreira Salles. 13:00-20:00. This white modern building houses an important collection of Brazilian art, Roberto Burle Marx designed the courtyard and the mural. The foundation created by the wealthy banker occupies the old home of the family clan. Perspectives and refined materials, the building was designed by Olavo Redig, the garden by Burle Marx. It has the best private collection of photography in Brazil (Marc Ferrez). It also holds exhibitions of painting and sculpture. Temporary exhibition hall, always of great interest. Displays a large collection of photographs of the city of Rio de Janeiro. It also has cinema, library and cafeteria.
- Parque Lage. This small park attracts by its history and romance of the place. Acquired by an English lord in 1809 it was transformed into a landscaped park, then it changed of owner a wealthy industrialist. To the joy of his wife, the singer Gabriella Bezanzoni Lage, he built a beautiful mansion that today is the school of fine arts. Concerts and shows are organized regularly. The courtyard houses a coffee, there are strange concrete structures to entertain kids and the park has remnants of Atlantic Forest with some interesting sub-tropical rain forest plants and wildlife. The park is the beginning of a hiking trail to Corcovado (see Hiking and Trekking under the 'Do' section).
- Museu de Arte Contemporânea Niteroi (MAC). 10:00-18:00. The Museum of Contemporary Art, opened in 1996 and accommodating temporary exhibitions of modern art, is across the Guanabara Bay in the city of Niterói, accessible by ferry or the 13 km long bridge President Costa da Silva. The museum occupies one of the most impressive and best known buildings by famous architect Oscar Niemeyer. His masterpiece of modern architecture features curved lines that evoke Rio's rounded peaks and, due to its circular shape suspended on a thin stand, reminds an UFO. From the patio and the restaurant inside there are panoramic views across the bay to Rio and over Niterói's coastline to the historic colonial fortress of Santa Cruz.
- Monasteiro São Bento. 07:00-18:00. This amazing seventeenth century Benedictine monastery and its church stands on a hill in the center of the city. Despite the simple exterior of the church, its interior is filled with extravagant gold leafs..
- Real Gabinete Portugues da Leitura. 09:00-18:00. Founded in 1837 by a group of Portuguese immigrants, this gem neogothic surprised by the elegance of its facade and its high altitude room full of thousands of books. With a church atmosphere, where the light is filtered by a colorful stained glass windows, readers try to study interrupted by a fleet of onlookers.Founded by Portuguese immigrants in 1837, the Manueline style building. The interior is a wood library with coffered ceilings and carved columns. It houses the largest number of Portuguese authors outside Portugal, with over 350,000 volumes of the XVI, XVII and XVIII..
- Ipanema. M 20:00-01:00. It is the most modern neighborhood of Rio beach since 1964, when Morales Vinicius wrote The Girl From Ipanema about a beautiful woman he saw on the beach. The beautiful people still frequenting the stylish bars and clubs ipanema.
- Copacabana. One of the most famous beaches of Rio, Copacabana stretches from Morro de, leme hill to the north-east to Aproador rocks in the south-west. Year-round resort, best known for celebrating New Year's Eve. Before the construction of the tunnel connecting the area with Botafogo in 1982, Copacabana was untouched bay with picturesque dunes. At the time of construction in the Copacabana Palace was more than 30,000 residents. Today it is one of the most densely populated areas in the world.
- Igreja da Ordem Terceira de São Francisco da Penitência. Tu-F 09:00-12:00 and 13:00-16:00. at the entrance, a small museum houses the statues used during Ash Wednesday procession including the statue of St. Louis Louis XIII dress. Work of Manuel and Francisco Xavier de Brito, the exuberant gilded wood decoration of the church (1700-1737) is one of the masterpieces of Brazilian Baroque art. The Apotheosis of San Francisco, located in the ceiling of the church, is a work of Caetano da Costa Coelho, is the first example of perspective representation of Brazil. The layout of the Rua Carioca, on the north side of the monastery and Largo da Carioca, dates from 1741, when the Franciscan monks gave the land to the city for construction of a hospital.
- Biblioteca Nacional. M-F 10:00- 17:00 Sa Su 12:30-16:30. With the bibliographic and documentary heritage of Brazil, the National Library since 1876 that called that, is in the city center, on the corner of the Municipal Theater of Rio de Janeiro. It is the largest library in Latin America and the seventh largest in the world. With more than 8 million pieces, one of your responsibilities is to preserve, promote and upgrade parts. Guided tours, you need to make an appointment for another day, you can not do the same day visit. We recommend calling before you go to schedule, or if you want to get to know only the lobby can go directly.
- Jockey Clube Brasileiro. M-F 07:00 as 22:00, Sa Su 07:00-21:00. Covers 640,000 meters and is the largest racecourse horseracing Brazil. There is also the Veterinary Hospital Octavio among others. Has a capaciade 70 thousand people with parking and security. The open area of the jockey, and is valued for parties, concerts etc.. Recommend be sticking programming jockey .
- Toca do Vinicius livros e musica. M 20:00-01:00. A small store cds and books on bossa nova, on the same street which bears the name of the store is this amazing space where you can remember or imagine how those times were. An environment that breathes bossa nova.
- Bairro de Santa Teresa. Rickety old trams go up to Santa Teresa, the artists favorite area, with a more refined style than Lapa. This neighborhood is a magnet for tourists, with museums, galleries, restaurants and magnificent views.P.s Important to Know the trains is not working anymore after the acident in 2011. Now have bus to go until the top, in 2014 the trains will be available again.
- Theatro Municipal. Since its opening on July 14, 1909, the building, inspired by the Opera Garnier in Paris, was the pride of the city. The new theater is located, with the intersection of Avenida Rio Branco, and is modeled on the Parisian avenues style. Designed by the architects Francisco de Oliveira Passos, a Brazilian, and the French Albert Guilbert, the building has a room with a capacity of 2360 seats (32m high) and a scene of 28m deep. The onyx staircase at the entrance, is decorated with chandeliers and statues. In the ancient underground restaurant, there are bas-relief ceramics of Mesopotamian inspiration form and a charming decoration. 600 people work in the theater that hosts an orchestra and a ballet company. In 2009, for the centenary, the theater received a major remodeling.
- Parque Nacional da Tijuca. 08:00-19:00. This magnificent national park embraces the city with its lush forests. Its excellent walks and trails offer some of the best views of the city. Tijuaca contains the highest peaks of river and is one of the largest urban parks in the world. Most of the park was repopulated in the nineteenth century. This land so fertile was deforested during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries to make way for sugar and coffee plantations. After several disastrous landslides, the authorities decided to restore the original landscape and prompted a massive restoration campaign between 1861 and 1888, a total of 130,000 copies were planted.
- Centro Cultural Justiça Federal
- Bossa Nova e Companhia, . M 20:00-01:00. In the old alley Garradas, it is the store where you have a variety of library records and scores of bossa nova. The owner bought the corner store in 2006 , which also owns the Lair Vinicius. It is extremely, almost three times the Toca do Vinicius. An amazing store if you remember the old days, or even know about Brazilian popular music, stories, songs and books. A good idea if you want to spend a whole afternoon looking for books. Attendees are excellent and know indicate a good book. I highly recommend it.
- Fundação Oscar Niemeyer, . Fundação Oscar Niemeyer, Roberto Silveira Memorial Center, Teatro Popular e Terminal de ferry de Charitas Oscar Niemeyer Foundation; JK Square, the monument to Roberto Silveira, popular theater, the Charitas barge terminal, and MAC. In JK Square, you can see a sculpture of Oscar Niemeyer and JK sitting on a bench in the square and a tent designed by Niemeyer. Waterways Charitas station has two thousand square meters. The living room has panoramic shipping 700 square meters of glass. The area has convenience stores, restaurants and a beautiful view of the harbor and Guanabara Bay. One of the highlights of the season is the water line and the construction of a pier on piles.
- Prédio da Petrobas,. Built in 1969, is the headquarters of the state oil company. A 26 flat concrete and steel building. It was designed by Roberto Gandolfi, with metal feet and hollow pillars allowing Roberto Burle Marx to make ??hanging gardens. All this makes this building is one of the most interesting. The plot design was a national competition conducted by the Institute of Architects of Brazil (IAB)
Close to Praia do Diabo is the best surf spot in Rio. Beginners watch out. Discover this amazing place at the end of the walk way of Ipanema beach. From these cliff and rocks you will see the most amazing sunset in Rio de Janeiro.
- Paço Imperial (1743) - Old Royal and Imperial office where order were sent, and formal inquiries with the monarch took place, colonial architecture (in downtown, next to Praça XV, Fifteen Square). Nice quiet restaurant inside.
- Casa França Brasil (1820) - French cultural centre, with gallery and video hall (in downtown, next to CCBB).
- CCBB - Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil (1906) - A cultural centre with gallery, movie theater, video room, library and stages; usually hosts the main exhibitions in town (in downtown). An interesting building with old-fashioned elevators/lifts.
- Candelária Church - Neoclassic cathedral (next to CCBB) is a fine piece of art.
- Mosteiro de São Bento (1663) - Saint Benedict's Monastery, colonial architecture (in downtown).
- Ilha Fiscal Palace (1889) - Located in the Guanabara Bay, next to the Navy Museum
- Gloria Church (1739). Small but interesting church reached by a funicular. Nice views. (metro: Gloria)
- Palácio Gustavo Capanema - Former ministry of culture, designed by French architect Le Corbusier; though small, it is regarded as an important pioneering in modern architecture (downtown).
- Arcos da Lapa (1750) - Lapa Aqueduct, colonial structure that brought water from springs to downtown.
- Catedral Metropolitana - a modern, cone-shaped cathedral, designed by Edgar de Oliveira da Fonseca (in Lapa).
- São Francisco da Penitência church (1773) - Colonial church.
- Teatro Municipal (1909) - City Theater, inspired by the Paris Opéra House (in Cinelândia square).
- Biblioteca Nacional (1910) - National Library (in Cinelândia square).
- Câmara Municipal - The City Hall, hosts the city council (in Cinelândia square).
- Palácio do Catete - The former presidential palace (1893-1960), now hosts a museum of recent history and nice gardens (in Catete).
- Itamaraty - Former presidential palace (1889-1893) and foreign office; now hosts a museum of South American diplomacy, a library and the UN information offices in Brazil (in Downtown, next to the Central station).
- Palácio Guanabara - Former palace of the Imperial Princess, now governor's office; eclectic architecture; not open to public (in Laranjeiras).
- Art Deco. Rio is a major centre for the Art Deco style of architecture. Indeed, the statue of Christ the Redeemer on Corcovado is considered a classic example of Art Deco work. There are numerous buildings in Copacabana and elsewhere that employ this style.
There is no shortage of things to do on a rainy day. In addition to a wide range of museums, Rio has many cultural centres, which are run by banks and other organizations and usually host free exhibitions. Details of what is on can be found in the Segundo Caderno section of the daily O Globonewspaper, which provides more detail in a weekly Friday supplement. Also very useful is the Mapa das Artes Rio de Janeiro, which provides detailed bi-monthly listings as well as detailed maps of the city. This is free and can be picked up at most museums.
- Museu Histórico Nacional (National Museum of History) - A museum of Brazilian history stretching from colonial to imperial times; big collection of paintings, but poor in artifacts (downtown).
- Museu Nacional de Belas Artes (Museum of Fine Arts) - Includes large paintings from Academicist and Neoclassical Brazilian artists, as well as many copies of European sculptures (downtown, Cinelândia square).
- MAM - Museu de Arte Moderna (Museum of Modern Art) - Opened in 1948 is the second most important contemporary art museum in Brazil, after MASP in Sao Paulo (downtown, walking distance to Santos Dumont airport). Modernist architecture spreading over almost the sea. R$ 12. Not to be confused with MAC (Museu de Arte Contemporânea) located just across the bay in Niterói. Both are worth a visit.
- Museu da Imagem e do Som (Image and Sound Museum) - For researchers about Brazilian film, radio, and broadcasting industry (downtown).
- Museu Naval (Navy Museum) - Located downtown not far from the ferry terminal. (www.mar.mil.br/dphdm/)
- Museu do Carnaval (Museum of Carnival) - History of Brazilian carnival and parades (in downtown, next to the Sambódromo).
- Museu Chácara do Céu - An important collection of South American modern art (in Santa Tereza).
- Museu da República (Museum of the Republic) - Hosted on the former presidential palace, this museum hosts permanent exhibitions about recent Brazilian history (from 1889 on); one of main features is the room where president Getúlio Vargas shot himself in 1954 (in Catete).
- Oi Futuro (Formerly Centro Cultural Telemar) - Formerly Museum of Telephone, it now hosts a fine gallery with temporary exhibitions of digital art or art with interactive medias; it is sponsored by the local phone company (in Catete).
- Museu Internacional de Arte Naïf (International Naïf Art Museum) - In Cosme Velho, next to Corcovado rail station.
- Museu Carmem Miranda (Carmem Miranda Museum) - About this Brazilian actress and singer (the lady with pineapples-and-bananas hat), the national icon in the 1940s and 50s (in Flamengo).
- Museu do Índio (Museum of the Indian) - A small museum with a collection of Brazilian Indian (povos indígenas) photographs, paintings, artifacts and other craft (in Botafogo). Very popular with local schoolchildren, but has much for adults as well.
- Museu Villa-Lobos, Rua Sorocaba, 200 - Botafogo,
Bring your own white coat and stethoscope. You have to respect Brazil's norm NR 32: do not use accessories, wear closed shoes and tie your hair.
Be welcome to Rio de Janeiro!!